William Gerald Golding

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Golding, William Gerald


Born Sept. 19, 1911, in the county of Cornwall. English writer.

Golding graduated from Oxford University in 1935. He served in the British Navy during World War II (1939–45). He worked as a teacher from 1945 to 1961. Golding’s first novel, Lord of the Flies (1954; Russian translation, 1969), won wide renown. On the basis of an exceptional situation— the misadventures of a group of boys on an uninhabited island—the novel reveals the dangerous tendencies of modern civilization which would lead to fascism and war. Golding’s subsequent philosophical novels, including The Inheritors (1955), Free Fall (1959), and The Spire (1964; Russian translation, 1968), are also characterized by the acuteness of moral and ethical problems. Golding combines realism in the description of reality with symbolism growing out of the theme of his novels, which tend to contain philosophical generalizations. These generalizations, however, are expressed in figurative form and not didactically.


Pincher Martin. London, 1956.
The Pyramid. London, 1967.


Ivasheva, V. V. Angliiskaia literatura XX v. Moscow, 1967.
Elistratova. A. A. “Uil’iam Golding i ego roman Shpil.” In Zarubezhnye literatury i sovremennost’, fase. 1. Moscow, 1970.
Allen, W. Traditsiia i mechta. Moscow, 1970.
Kinkead-Weekes, M., and I. Gregor. W. Golding: A Critical Study. London [1967].


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Politics and History in William Golding: The World Turned Upside Down.
"Will, Suffering and Liberation in William Golding's The Spire." Atlantis 36 (1): 71-86.
Readers who enjoy this novel--and there will be many--should be pointed in the direction of William Golding.
The history of thought is littered with visions of such brave new worlds, from the republican prescriptions of Plato and Rousseau to the horrifying vision of William Golding's "Lord of the Flies," where a group of schoolboys turn nasty on a deserted island.
Like William Golding's Lord of the Flies Boucheron's novel is an experiment in Darwinism where the characters learn that it is not the survival of the fittest but of those that can most readily learn to adapt.
On his sudden death in June 1993, British author William Golding left behind a shortish historical novel, or novella, in near-final draft form.
Bergen's story also has a theme running through it that is reminiscent of William Golding's Lord of the Flies.
Salinger's Catcher in the Rye, and William Golding's Lord of the Flies, but such books portrayed highly unusual situations rather than realistic descriptions of the lives of teenagers.
William Golding, Belief and creativity (1988c:202).
Like all of William Golding's novels, Darkness Visible is concerned with the ambiguity of moral issues, the difficulty of judgement, and breaking down the partitions that isolate men and prevent them from feeling a sense of community.
As William Golding illustrated in his novel, Lord of the Flies, if you put a bunch of 'innocent' children into idyllic surroundings they are more than capable of creating murder and mayhem.
But when the rotting cow's head breeding the doomed flies proved to reek beyond endurance, Hirst abandoned the rigorous protocols of the latter and substituted a fake head smeared with mayonnaise and ketchup.7 The unmistakable overtones of William Golding's perennial schoolboy allegory Lord of the Flies then found a grotesque echo in yet more synthetic artifice: the feral children of Dinos and Jake Chapman, cobbled into their hypereroticized monstrosity from shopwindow mannequins to embody the nightmare reversal of all the child-abuse panics that regularly ripple through the British national psyche.