William Gropper


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Gropper, William

 

Born Dec. 3, 1897, in New York. American graphic artist and painter.

Gropper was a student of R. Henri and G. Bellows. From the 1920’s he has been an active contributor to the communist press. Gropper’s satirical drawings and linocuts bare the class meaning of social antagonisms and the inhumanity of the bourgeois order in a sharp and idiosyncratic manner. A passionate concern for unmasking injustice, an intense dynamism, and a lapidary quality, occasionally punctuated with elements of expressionistic distortion, are also evident in his posters, illustrations, paintings, and murals. In the 1930’s, Gropper devoted many drawings and lithographs to the struggle of the working class; in a series of lithographs on themes from the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39 (in which he participated) and World War II (1939–45), Gropper depicted the true nature of fascism and created heroic images of fighters against fascism.

REFERENCE

A Selection of Drawings From the “Worker,” 1924–1960: Album. New York [1960].
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(22.) William Gropper papers, roll 3502, frame 6, Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
He analyzes political cartoons and prints in left-wing Yiddish and English-language newspapers and magazines to illustrate how these artists commented on current events using biblical and other Jewish references, including artists like William Gropper, Mark Rothko, Leon Israel, and Louis Ribak.
His careful introductions and annotations to the excerpted work of Masereel Ward Otto Nuckel Helena Bochoravkova-Dittrichova William Gropper E.O.
However, the list also includes the names of such international leftist artists as Kathe Kollwitz, William Gropper and John Heartfield, whose work was recycled for publication here and not executed for the book.
Alexander (Philadelphia Bulletin), Carey Orr (Chicago Tribune), and William Gropper (The Daily Worker).
(2) "Caricature of Hitler," by William Gropper, far right, and (3) "Seated Musician," a pre-Columbian terracotta, are part of WAM's collection.
The Daily Worker had great cartoons by people like Robert Minor, William Gropper, and Art Young, but artists from the New Yorker also appeared there.
Mitchell Siporin's celebration of working people's dignity, Anton Refregier's honest reflection on the underlying cruelty of American life, the social and factory scenes by Reginald Marsh or William Gropper remain powerful today, and not only as examples of the period that they represent.
Works studied include paintings by Edward Hopper, Gertrude Goodrich, Moses Soyer, William Gropper, and Jacob Lawrence.
11, explores what realism means in works by Ben Shahn, William Gropper, Philip Pearlstein, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist and others; and it runs through Feb.
New Deal projects helped put many Americans back to work, from construction workers to artists, as seen in William Gropper's "Construction of the Dam" (c.