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Born Dec. 3, 1897, in New York. American graphic artist and painter.
Gropper was a student of R. Henri and G. Bellows. From the 1920’s he has been an active contributor to the communist press. Gropper’s satirical drawings and linocuts bare the class meaning of social antagonisms and the inhumanity of the bourgeois order in a sharp and idiosyncratic manner. A passionate concern for unmasking injustice, an intense dynamism, and a lapidary quality, occasionally punctuated with elements of expressionistic distortion, are also evident in his posters, illustrations, paintings, and murals. In the 1930’s, Gropper devoted many drawings and lithographs to the struggle of the working class; in a series of lithographs on themes from the Spanish Civil War of 1936–39 (in which he participated) and World War II (1939–45), Gropper depicted the true nature of fascism and created heroic images of fighters against fascism.