William Harvey

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Harvey, William,

1578–1657, English physician considered by many to have laid the foundation of modern medicine, b. Folkestone, studied at Cambridge, M.D. Univ. of Padua, 1602. Returning to London, he became a physician of St. Bartholomew's Hospital and a lecturer at the College of Physicians, and he was later appointed court physician. Harvey was first to demonstrate the function of the heart and the complete circulation of the blood, a feat especially remarkable because it was accomplished without the aid of a microscope. Acceptance of his theories was slow in coming, and it was not until 1827 that they were fully substantiated. He also contributed greatly to the advance of comparative anatomy and embryology. His famous Exercitatio anatomica de motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus [On the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals] was published in 1628.


See the translation of his writings by K. J. Franklin (1963); biography by G. L. Keynes (1966); study by G. Whitteridge (1971).

Harvey, William


Born Apr. 1, 1578, in Folkestone, Kent; died June 3, 1657, in London. English physician, physiologist, and embryologist.

Harvey continued his studies at Padua after graduating from Cambridge in 1597. In 1602 he received a diploma as doctor of medicine from the University of Padua. After his return to England (London) he was elected a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians (1607). As chief physician and surgeon in the Hospital of St. Bartholomew, Harvey was the founder not only of the theory of blood circulation but also of all modern physiology and embryology. He was the first to prove experimentally that in the animal body an unchanging, relatively small amount of blood is in constant movement through a closed path as a result of pressure created by contractions of the heart. He described the respiratory (pulmonary) and systemic circulations. In 1628 he published An Anatomical Treatise on the Movement of the Heart and Blood in Animals, in which he set forth in final form his theory of circulation, a theory which ran counter to the doctrine that had prevailed since the times of the Roman physician Galen and which provoked fierce attacks on Harvey by scientists and churchmen. In 1651 he published his treatise On the Generation of Living Creatures, in which he summarized the results of his many years of research on embryonic development in invertebrates and vertebrates, including birds and mammals. According to Harvey, plants as well as animals begin their development from an egg.


Anatomicheskoe issledovanie o dvizhenii serdtsa i krovi u zhivotnykh, 2nd ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1948.


Bykov, K. M. Uil’iam Garvei i otkrytie krovoobrashcheniia. Moscow, 1957.
Parin, V. V. “Osnovopolozhnik ucheniia o krovoobrashchenii: K trekhsotletiiu so dnia smerti Uil’iama Garveia.” Priroda, 1957, no. 12.
References in periodicals archive ?
In all, the story of William Harvey is a microcosm of science and its context.
William Gilbert crafts globe-shaped magnets to create a "world" of virtue in his magnets and, as a model, for virtue he sees in England and his readers; William Harvey uses a generative theory of art to explain how ideas can be made for readers; Galileo and Hooke structure their texts to make reading into a form of perception that mimics the optic enhancements of the telescope and microscope' (p.
William Harvey (1578-1657): discovered the circulation of blood.
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Thinkers such as Ptolemy, Galen, Roger Bacon, Thomas Aquinas, Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Galileo, Francis Bacon, Descartes, William Harvey, and Robert Boyle are reviewed, with a brief mention of women in science.
The trial is to be conducted at the William Harvey Research Institute based at St Bartholomew's & The Royal London School of Medicine and Dentistry in London.
Officer arrested William Harvey Blalock, 31, and Nicole Kristine Love, 23.
It suggests that we're not seeing male students from undeserved communities enrolling and graduating," says William Harvey, vice president and director of the Office of Minorities in Higher Education at ACE.
One person was kept in hospital overnight for observation while nine others were discharged after minor treatment, a spokesman for Ashford's William Harvey Hospital said.
Baker, reported: "He was unconscious for a long period of time, so the air ambulance was called to take him to the William Harvey Hospital in Ashford as quickly as possible.
Nearly 400 years have passed since William Harvey describe how blood flows around the body, yet the vascular system still being closely researched.
In a leaked e-mail David Astley said the situation at the Kent and Canterbury Hospital, William Harvey Hospital in Ashford and the Queen Elizabeth Queen Mother Hospital in Margate "cannot continue".