William Hogarth


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
William Hogarth
Birthday
BirthplaceLondon, England
Died
Occupation
Painter, engraver, satirist

Hogarth, William,

1697–1764, English painter, satirist, engraver, and art theorist, b. London. At the age of 15 he was apprenticed to a silver-plate engraver. He soon made engravings on copper for bookplates and illustrations—notably those for Butler's Hudibras (1726). He studied drawing with Thornhill, whose daughter he married in 1729. Hogarth tried to earn a living with small portraits and portrait groups, but his first real success came in 1732 with a series of six morality pictures, The Harlot's Progress. He first painted, then engraved them, selling subscriptions for the prints, which had great popularity. The Rake's Progress, a similar series, appeared in 1735. The series Marriage à la Mode (1745) is often considered his masterpiece. With a wealth of detail and brilliant characterization he depicts the profligate and inane existence of a fashionable young couple. Hogarth invented a sort of visual shorthand that enabled him to recall with perfect clarity whatever sight he wished to retain. He became, by this means, an enormously learned artist possessing a profound visual understanding. His Analysis of Beauty (1753) is a brilliant formal exposition of the rococorococo
, style in architecture, especially in interiors and the decorative arts, which originated in France and was widely used in Europe in the 18th cent. The term may be derived from the French words rocaille and coquille
..... Click the link for more information.
 aesthetic. In such prints as Gin Lane and Four Stages of Cruelty Hogarth is very sincerely didactic, employing the weapons of satire against the cruelty, stupidity, and bombast that he observed in all levels of the society of his day. His portraits The Shrimp Girl (National Gall., London) and Captain Coram (1740) are two of the masterpieces of British painting. Hogarth's major works are in England. In New York City the Metropolitan Museum and the Frick Collection possess examples of his work.

Bibliography

See his Analysis of Beauty, ed. by J. Burke (1955); his graphic works, ed. by R. Paulson (rev. ed. 1970); biographies by P. Quennell (1955), R. Paulson (1971), D. Bindman (1985), and J. Uglow (1997); studies by F. Antal (1962), G. C. Lichtenberg (tr. 1966), S. Shesgreen (1982), and L. S. Cowley (1988).

Hogarth, William

 

Born Nov. 10, 1697, in London; died there Oct. 25, 1764. British painter, graphic artist, and art theorist.

Hogarth studied with the silversmith E. Gamble and at J. Thornhill’s academy (from 1720) in London. He worked in London and visited France in 1743 and 1748. Hogarth first gained fame from his satirical paintings and copper engravings, in which, in the spirit of the European Enlightenment, he ruthlessly exposed the evils of British life. Examples of such works are the six pictures of A Harlot’s Progress (1730–31, not preserved; engraved in 1732), the eight pictures of A Rake’s Progress (1732–35, Sir John Soane’s museum, London; engraved 1735), the six pictures of Marriage à la Mode (1743–45, National Gallery, London; engraved 1745), and the engravings Gin Lane (1751) and Beer Street (1751).

Hogarth’s portraits are marked by a democratic quality, sharp lifelike characterizations, and a full-blooded realistic technique. Examples are Captain Thomas Coram (1740, Foundling Hospital, London), Self-portrait (1745, Tate Gallery, London), and The Shrimp Girl (c. 1760, National Gallery, London).

In the theoretical treatise Analysis of Beauty (1753), Hogarth called for the use of asymmetric forms (for example, serpentine lines) that would allow life to be reproduced in the diversity of its manifestations. Hogarth’s theories and art greatly influenced 18th-century European culture. The artist’s influence is reflected in the work of L. Sterne in Great Britain and G. E. Lessing and G. C. Lichtenberg in Germany.

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Analiz krasoty. Leningrad-Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Krol’, A. E. U. Khogart. [Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.]
German, M. Iu. Khogart. Moscow, 1971.
Paulson, R. Hogarth: His Life, Art, and Times, vols. 1–2. New Haven-London, 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
William Hogarth: Works of William Hogarth in a Series of Engranvings, 1812.
Rhys Flint riding William Hogarth on their way to winning the Follow Nicholls On Twitter & Facebook Novices' Hurdle Race at Chepstow racecourse on Saturday
In Britain, they just laugh at them.Britain's renowned sense of humor is on display in a new London exhibition that charts 300 years of the anarchic artistic spirit that produced the political satire of William Hogarth and "Spitting Image" - as well as the sheer silliness of Benny Hill
Works from William Hogarth to Gerald Scarfe and Steve Bell.
William Hogarth was rewarded for a string of consistent performances with a victory atWarwick recently.
TOWCESTER 2.10 William Hogarth; 2.40 Tuskar Rock; 3.10 Pavanne; 3.40 Gemini Storm; 4.10 Theologist; 4.40 Farmer Frank; 5.10 The Patient Man.
A winner over hurdles at Ascot and Cheltenham, he has been whacked with an eight pound penaly for his brave defeat of William Hogarth at Sandown in December.
Importantly, Reading a Will also brings into focus the issue of the Hogarthian revival of the early nineteenth century and in particular its effect on Wilkie and his assumed role, whether in his own mind or in the eyes of others, as William Hogarth's presumptive heir and successor in the pantheon of greats that constituted a national school, a revitalized British School of painting.
Back at Huntingdon a fortnight ago, he stormed home by seven lengths from William Hogarth.
In the mid-18th century, the artist William Hogarth produced a series of engravings depicting the lives of two apprentices: Francis Goodchild and Tom Idle.
Sixteen-year-old John Trumbull, for example, borrowed William Hogarth's The Analysis of Beauty of 1753 from the Harvard College Library on 28 February 1772.