William Huggins

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Huggins, William


Born Feb. 7, 1824, in London; died there May 12, 1910. English astronomer. Fellow (from 1865) and president (1900–05) of the Royal Society of London.

Huggins was one of the first to make use of spectral analysis and photography in astronomy. In 1864 he positively established the existence of gaseous nebulas. He studied the chemical composition of stars. In 1868 he determined the radial velocities of a number of bright stars from the displacement of lines in their spectra. He showed that the spectra of comets differ from the spectra of gaseous nebulas and that carbon lines exist in cometary spectra. Huggins was one of the first to observe solar prominences at times other than during eclipses. In 1882 he photographed the solar corona under conditions other than eclipse conditions. In the period 1902–05 he studied the spectrum of radium.


“Sir William Huggins.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 1910, vol. 71, pp. 261–70.
References in periodicals archive ?
We selected Lion Capital Holdings because of their leadership and expertise in representing companies like Titan Professional Services," said William Huggins, President of Titan Professional Services.
This was also the second time that the spectrum of an entire comet (not just the nucleus) was recorded, (8) and the first time that successful photographs were obtained of a comet's spectrum (by both Sir William Huggins and Henry Draper).
1 Dinky; 2 Eduardo Paolozzi (1924-2005); 3 The Mekon; 4 Shelley; 5 George Baxter (1804-1867); 6 Cwpwrdd deuddarn and cwpwrdd tridarn; 7 Stanhopes; 8 Germany; 9 Phoebe Stabler; 10 Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin (1812-1852); 11 1955; 12 William Huggins (1820-1884)