William IV


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Related to William IV: William III, George III, George IV

William IV,

1765–1837, king of Great Britain and Ireland (1830–37), third son of George III. He went to sea in 1779, served under Admiral George Rodney in action off Cape St. Vincent (1780), and by 1786 was a captain. William became duke of Clarence in 1789 and was advanced by 1799 to the rank of admiral, but he saw little active service after 1790. Meanwhile in the House of Lords he opposed the antislavery movement and supported the extravagances of his oldest brother (later George IV). About 1791 he formed a liaison with Mrs. Jordan, an actress, with whom he lived for over 20 years. He married (1818) Adelaide, daughter of the duke of Saxe-Meiningen, and on the death (1827) of the duke of York, second son of George III, he became heir presumptive to the throne. Made lord high admiral in 1827, he tried to run naval affairs without his council, contrary to law, and was forced to resign (1828). In 1830 he succeeded George IV as king. His most important public act was his promise, given most reluctantly, to the 2d Earl GreyGrey, Charles Grey, 2d Earl,
1764–1845, British statesman. Elected to Parliament in 1786, he was one of those appointed to manage the impeachment of Warren Hastings.
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 that he would, if necessary, create enough Whig peers to pass the Reform Bill of 1832 (see under Reform ActsReform Acts
or Reform Bills,
in British history, name given to three major measures that liberalized representation in Parliament in the 19th cent. Representation of the counties and boroughs in the House of Commons had not, except for the effects of parliamentary
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). This bill and such reforms as the education act, the new poor law, the municipal corporations act, and the abolition of slavery in the empire marked his reign, but he maintained the generally passive attitude toward politics formed during his many years as younger son and later younger brother of the king. Political leadership was left to the duke of WellingtonWellington, Arthur Wellesley, 1st duke of,
1769–1852, British soldier and statesman. Military Achievements
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, Earl Grey, Viscount MelbourneMelbourne, William Lamb, 2d Viscount
, 1779–1848, British statesman. He entered Parliament as a Whig in 1805, was (1827–28) chief secretary for Ireland, and entered (1828) the House of Lords on the death of
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, and Sir Robert PeelPeel, Sir Robert,
1788–1850, British statesman. The son of a rich cotton manufacturer, whose baronetcy he inherited in 1830, Peel entered Parliament as a Tory in 1809.
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. Good-natured but eccentric and given to ill-considered public utterances, William was only moderately popular. He was succeeded by his niece, Victoria.

Bibliography

See biographies by W. G. Allen (1960) and P. Ziegler (1971).

William IV

known as the Sailor King. 1765--1837, king of the United Kingdom and of Hanover (1830--37), succeeding his brother George IV; the third son of George III
References in periodicals archive ?
William IV, next in line, produced no children so the next younger Edward Duke of Kent successfully produced an heir, namely a daughter named Victoria.
BORN LIONEL Richie, US singer, 1949, above JOHN Goodman, US actor, 1952 NICOLE Kidman, US actress, 1967 DIED BUGSY Siegel, US mobster, 1947, above WILLIAM IV, King of England, 1837 PANCHO Villa, revolutionary, 1923
It was inscribed, retrospectively, to its recipient: "Kindly given to Charles Manning RN by his late Majesty King William 4th, Prince William Henry, both serving as midshipmen on board The pair pocket watch given to Charles Manning RN William IV, for PS1,200 the same ship in the year 1781.
The most likely explanation is that it derives from King William IV (1830-37), shortened to Bill, who was monarch when the first modern police force was created.
Wax replicas of the British royal family have featured at Madame Tussauds since the time of William IV, whose likeness was unveiled in London in 1835.
The race is named after its perpetual trophy - a w hip originally presented to the Irish Turf Club by King William IV 2.
The BAFTA-winning ITV2 show has been told they can no longer shoot scenes at the King William IV pub in Chigwell.
1837: William IV (the Sailor King) died at Windsor, and his niece Alexandrine Victoria, 18, came to the throne.
Handyman Alan Bickley needs 100 people to invest in the scheme to save the King William IV - affectionately known as The Billy - after the Barry alehouse was put on the market.
The Eton-educated Prime Minister, who is a descendant of William IV and a distant relative of the Queen, made the gaffe in front of an audience in Manchester.
Other monarchs buried there are Charles I, George III, George IV, William IV, Edward VII, George V and George VI.
Victoria (Victoria Hamilton), who has the usual teen-ager's contentious relationship with her mother (a blustery Penelope Wilton), is made queen at the tender age of 18, when William IV (a blustery Peter Ustinov) dies.