William Lyon Mackenzie King


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

King, William Lyon Mackenzie

 

Born Dec. 17, 1874, in Berlin (now Kitchener), Ontario; died July 22, 1950, in Kingsmere, Quebec. Canadian statesman.

King served as minister of labor from 1909 to 1911. From 1919 to 1948 he was the leader of the Liberal Party of Canada. He served as prime minister from 1921 to 1926, from 1926 to 1930, and from 1935 to 1948. In 1942, King’s government established diplomatic relations with the USSR; in the postwar period his government’s policies led to a sharp worsening of Soviet-Canadian relations. King’s foreign policy was based on the idea of weakening Canada’s dependence on Great Britain and strengthening Canada’s ties with the US in every way possible. King pursued an antiworker policy, which he concealed behind a bourgeois theory about the mediatory role of the state in relations between capital and the workers.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Francis illuminates the impressive intellectual biography of William Lyon Mackenzie King, taught by William Ashley and ]ames Mavor in Toronto, Jane Addams and Thorstein Veblen in Chicago, and William Cunningham at Harvard.
Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King stated: "They have little manners in act or dress, are wanting in the delicate refinements of a nice life, have gross tastes and are a selfish, sluggish lot."
Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, no military man, was terrified of anything smacking of commitment to a British defence policy, and even a co-manufacturing agreement was questionable.
WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE KING, prime minister of Canada for longer than anyone else, and maker of Liberal political fortunes in the first half of the twentieth century, died a few months later.
They acted with such single-mindedness that when the British Army and the Norwegian government-in-exile refused to participate, Churchill pressed Lieutenant-General Andy McNaughton, and DND pressed Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King, for Canada and the U.S.
The fact that she "almost married" William Lyon Mackenzie King (248 n.14) adds further intrigue to her story.
William Lyon Mackenzie King had led the Canadian delegation to London with a singular goal in mind: to redefine the role of the governor general.
The sentiment resonates with William Lyon Mackenzie King's diary entry of 6 August 1945 when he learned that the atomic bomb had been dropped on Hiroshima.
WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE KING played a significant role in the development of Canadian labour legislation.
In 1944 Prime Minister William Lyon MacKenzie King moved for the creation of what has become Veterans Affars Canada.
"The North Atlantic Treaty is a pact of peace," a 1949 Department of National Defence report stated optimistically, "and its final result will not be to increase expenditures." This was very much in line with Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's strong belief that Canada had to "decide whether we were going in for increased military expenditures or to seek to carry out our programme of social legislation." As far as he was concerned, war was very unlikely.