William Stewart Halsted

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Halsted, William Stewart

(hôl`stĭd), 1852–1922, American surgeon, b. New York City, M.D. College of Physicians and Surgeons, 1877. He practiced in New York and in 1886 became the first professor of surgery at Johns Hopkins, where he was associated with Sir William OslerOsler, Sir William
, 1849–1919, Canadian physician, M.D. McGill Univ., 1872. Renowned as a physician and as a medical historian, he was also the most brilliant and influential teacher of medicine in his day. He was professor at McGill (1875–84), the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information.
, W. H. WelchWelch, William Henry,
1850–1934, American pathologist, b. Norfolk, Conn., grad. Yale (B.A., 1870), M.D. College of Physicians and Surgeons (now part of Columbia Univ., 1875).
..... Click the link for more information.
, and H. A. Kelly in developing the medical school and hospital. His surgical contributions include an operative technique based on minimum injury of tissues, anesthesia by the injection of cocaine into the nerves, a method of operating for cancer of the breast and for hernia, experimental work on the thyroid, and the introduction of the use of rubber gloves.


See his Surgical Papers (2 vol., 1924); biographies by A. J. Beckhard and W. D. Crane (1960) and G. Imber (2011); H. Markel, An Anatomy of Addiction: Sigmund Freud, William Halsted, and the Miracle Drug Cocaine (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Halsted, William Stewart

(1852–1922) surgeon; born in New York City. For most of his career he was affiliated with Johns Hopkins Hospital (1889–1922), where he trained many surgeons. In 1881, he administered what is thought to be the first blood transfusion in the United States. He devised successful operative techniques for breast cancer and inguinal hernia and discovered the anesthetic use of cocaine (1884).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
William Stewart Halsted, the "Father of Modern Surgery," addicted when he became a co-founder of the Johns Hopkins Medical School?
Yet the treatment she received--radical mastectomy--was developed in the 1980s by the Johns Hopkins surgeon William Stewart Halsted in accordance with a now of outmoded theory of malignancy.
An American surgeon, William Stewart Halsted (1852-1922), suggested that nurses wear rubber gloves to protect their hands against contact dermatitis.