Walker, William

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Walker, William,

1824–60, American filibuster in Nicaragua, b. Nashville, Tenn. Walker, a qualified doctor, a lawyer, and a journalist by the time he was 24, sought a more adventurous career. After a short stay in San Francisco, his filibustering expeditions began with an invasion of Lower California (1853–54) intended to wrest the region together with Sonora from Mexico. The invasion failed miserably. He was tried for violating neutrality laws but was acquitted by a sympathetic jury. In June, 1855, Walker set out on another filibustering expedition, this time to Nicaragua, at the invitation of one of the country's revolutionary factions. His capture of Granada brought an end to the fighting, and, after obtaining recognition (May, 1856) from the United States for the new government, Walker declared himself president of Nicaragua in July, 1856. An alliance of hostile Central American states and the enmity of his former friend Cornelius Vanderbilt, whose Accessory Transit Company controlled Walker's supply lines, led to his defeat and surrender to the U.S. navy in May, 1857. Considered a hero by many Americans, Walker was again acquitted of violating neutrality, but he then alienated U.S. public opinion by blaming his defeat on the U.S. navy. From the Islas de la Bahía of Honduras, Walker made a final abortive attempt (1860) to conquer Central America but was forced to surrender to the British navy. He was turned over to Honduras and was shot by a firing squad Sept. 12, 1860.

Bibliography

See his own book, War in Nicaragua (1860, repr. 1971); W. O. Scroggs, Filibusters and Financiers (1916, repr. 1969); L. Greene, The Filibuster (1937, repr. 1974); biography by A. H. Carr (1963).

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Walker, William

(1824–60) adventurer, filibuster; born in Nashville, Tenn. With degrees in medicine and law, he failed to find success practicing law. In 1853 he gained notoriety by attempting to seize and govern the Mexican province of Lower California. In 1855 he led a small band of mercenaries to Nicaragua, and after overthrowing the government, he briefly served as president (1856–57). With visions of uniting all the Central American republics under his control, he announced plans to build a canal linking the Atlantic and the Pacific, but he was ousted in 1857 by agents of Cornelius Vanderbilt, whose commercial interests he had opposed; an attempt to return to Nicaragua later that year was foiled. In 1860, he landed in Honduras with yet another scheme to seize power; but he was arrested, and after a Honduran court martial, was shot by a firing squad.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
Shropshire's Under-11s took on Derbyshire at Etwall CC in two T20 games, the first of which saw the hosts hit 167-4 with Max Jeffries, Ranvir Singh, William Walker and Finley Jones picking up a wicket apiece.
Carter II and wife Tammy of Galatia; his mother, Monette Carter; 12 grandchildren, Karen Puckett of Galatia, Jonah Carter and wife Samantha of Eldorado, Jamie Farris and husband Chuck of Eldorado, Tenika Carter of Galatia, Josh Walker and wife Shayla of Harrisburg, William Walker and wife Ashley of Galatia, Nichole Walker of Galatia, Mindy Taylor and husband Steven of Galatia, Lacye Grebenick and husband Charles of Galatia, Joseph Carter of Galatia, and Gabrielle Carter of Galatia; 35 great-grandchildren; brother David Carter and wife Sue of Ohio; sister, Susie Lewandowski of Chesterton, Indiana; sister, Shirley Gunter of Portage, Indiana; sister, Debbie Carter of Lake Station, Indiana; special friend, Sheila Dewar; best friend, Rev.
Suspect shoots DC William Walker, other officers and passers-by from third-floor window before escaping.
William Walker Elementary School is rising at 2350 S.W.
A soldier-of-fortune with no formal military training, William Walker (1824-1860) was infamous in his era yet all but forgotten today (aside from the April 11th Costa Rican national holiday celebrating his defeat).
William Walker's Wars: How One Man's Private American Army Tried to Conquer Mexico, Nicaragua, and Honduras
WILLIAM WALKER (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign), 83, died July 13.
William Walker, of West Acres, Lockerbie, admitted overtaking two vehicles in July by driving into the opposing carriageway at excessive speed and into the path of an oncoming vehicle causing it to take evasive action to avoid a collision.
And Neilston were the victors in the Senior Fours as Sandy McArthur, Alan McDougall, David Reid and William Walker sealed the deal in the final.
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DUP councillor William Walker, a relative of the man whose home was blasted, said local residents were horrified.