William Wilberforce


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Wilberforce, William,

1759–1833, British politician and humanitarian. He was elected to Parliament in 1780 and during the campaign formed a lifelong friendship with William PittPitt, William,
1759–1806, British statesman; 2d son of William Pitt, 1st earl of Chatham. Trained as a lawyer, he entered Parliament in 1781 and in 1782 at the age of 23 became chancellor of the exchequer under Lord Shelburne.
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, whose measures he generally supported in the House of Commons. In 1785, during a tour of the Continent, he became converted to evangelicism—a decision that affected his entire outlook and caused him to withdraw from fashionable society. He pressed unsuccessfully for more humane criminal laws and, joining with Thomas ClarksonClarkson, Thomas,
1760–1846, English abolitionist. He devoted most of his life to agitation against slavery, and the voluminous information that he gathered on the slave trade helped to influence Parliament.
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 and others in the campaign for the abolition of the slave trade, was for 20 years parliamentary leader of this movement. He also organized (1802) the Society for the Suppression of Vice and took part in other evangelical activities for social improvement. Abolition of the slave trade by the British Parliament was achieved in 1807. When it became apparent that the measure would not cause the natural demise of slavery, Wilberforce directed his efforts to the suppression of the institution throughout the British Empire. A bill to this effect was passed a month after his death. Wilberforce wrote A Practical View of the Prevailing Religious System of Professed Christians (1797), a work that enjoyed wide popularity both in Britain and on the Continent.

Bibliography

See his correspondence (1840); biographies by R. I. and S. Wilberforce (1835), R. Coupland (1923, repr. 1968), and O. M. Warner (1962); study by G. Lean (1988).

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The Birmingham Special Handstamp Centre, however, sought simply a postmark showing the man who was behind the entire movement for emancipation of the slaves, William Wilberforce (pictured).
City centre Tarleton Street, Man-esty's Lane and Clarence Street would be replaced by names linked to the abolition of slavery such as William Roscoe and William Wilberforce.
WRITTEN by Birmingham-born Oscar nominee Steven Knight (Dirty Pretty Things), this is a period biopic about anti-slavery campaigner William Wilberforce (1759-1833).
Set in the late 1700s, Gruffudd plays William Wilberforce, a young, idealistic, hard-working MP who is sickened by the slave trade which is funded and supported by Britain and the United States.
William Wilberforce, parliamentary leader of the abolition movement, is shown on a first-class stamp against an anti-slavery poster.
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Walton Hall was the residence of John Atherton who was a slave trader and Captain John Newton who gave up the slave trade: he took Holy Orders and wrote a number of well-known hymns including Amazing Grace and helped William Wilberforce in the campaign to abolish slavery