William Wyler


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Related to William Wyler: Frank Capra, Billy Wilder, David Lean
William Wyler
Wilhelm Weiller
Birthday
BirthplaceMülhausen, Alsace, German Empire (present-day Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France)
Died
NationalityAmerican, Swiss
Occupation
Film director, producer

Wyler, William

 

Born July 1, 1902, in Mulhouse, in German Alsace. American film director.

Wyler studied at the Higher School of Commerce in Lausanne and at the Paris Conservatory. In 1921 he began working in Hollywood, where he directed his first films in the late 1920’s. From the mid-1930’s to early 1940’s, Wyler was one of the leading representatives of the trend toward social drama manifested in American cinema at that time. His films of the period, Dead End (1937, based on the play by S. Kingsley) and The Little Foxes (1941, based on the play by L. Hellman), as well as later ones, The Best Years of Our Lives (1946, based on a novel by M. Kantor) and The Liberation of L. B. Jones (1970, based on the novel by J. H. Ford), are distinguished by their acute presentation of social problems. During World War II, Wyler saw action while serving in the US Army Air Force; he also made documentary war films.

A master filmmaker, Wyler combines strict classical form with tense inner drama, while making the actor the main spokesman of the author’s ideas. These traits are best seen in his finest films, Wuthering Heights (1939, based on the novel by E. Brontè) and Carrie (1952, based on T. Dreiser’s novel Sister Carrie). Wyler’s talents are also evident in his amusing film comedies Roman Holiday (1953), How to Steal a Million (1966), and Funny Girl (1968).

REFERENCE

Kolodiazhnaia, V. Uil’iam Uailer. Moscow, 1975.

IA. A. BEREZNITSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
When the Six Day War began there was pressure on the studio to sack Omar Sharif but William Wyler declared: "This is America, the land of freedom.
The well-regarded Hollywood director William Wyler, who owed Goldwyn a movie under contract, could not be persuaded to undertake the Eisenhower project, but when he discovered Glory For Me, he was interested in its cinematic potential.
Eggar, who played the Star Trek character, Marie Picard, soared to international stardom in the mid-sixties when William Wyler chose her for the female lead in the film version of John Fowles' controversial novel, The Collector.
Roman Holiday director William Wyler said of her: "She completely looked the part of a princess.
One of the highlights of the Chambers exhibition is the painter's 2012 multi-part print titled "The Big Country," inspired by the landscape of the 1958 American Western film of the same name from director William Wyler.
The contributions of directors John Ford, William Wyler, George Stevens, John Huston, and Frank Capra "came about in part because they were not only willing to serve, but eager to invent a program where none existed," writes Harris; "they brought expertise and initiative to the table in an area that career military officers had neither the time nor the interest to master.
In 1959, ''Ben-Hur,'' MGM's Biblical-era spectacle starring Charlton Heston and directed by William Wyler, had its world premiere at Loew's State Theatre in New York.
Director William Wyler was an assistant director on the original Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ in 1925 and 34 years later signed up to direct the epic remake.
The chapter dedicated to the film's production history provides brief biographies of the principles: Samuel Goldwyn, William Wyler, Robert Sherwood as well as each of the main actors.
wanted Elizabeth Taylor for the Roman romance, safe in the knowledge of her pulling power, but director William Wyler was so impressed by Hepburn's screen test that he left the cameras rolling as she relaxed and chatted.
His famous father, William Wyler, worked on the 1925 silent version and went on to direct the 1959 movie that won a record-setting 11 Oscars, including Best Director and Best Actor for star Heston.