William Wyler

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Related to William Wyler: Frank Capra, Billy Wilder, David Lean
William Wyler
Wilhelm Weiller
BirthplaceMülhausen, Alsace, German Empire (present-day Mulhouse, Haut-Rhin, France)
NationalityAmerican, Swiss
Film director, producer
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Wyler, William


Born July 1, 1902, in Mulhouse, in German Alsace. American film director.

Wyler studied at the Higher School of Commerce in Lausanne and at the Paris Conservatory. In 1921 he began working in Hollywood, where he directed his first films in the late 1920’s. From the mid-1930’s to early 1940’s, Wyler was one of the leading representatives of the trend toward social drama manifested in American cinema at that time. His films of the period, Dead End (1937, based on the play by S. Kingsley) and The Little Foxes (1941, based on the play by L. Hellman), as well as later ones, The Best Years of Our Lives (1946, based on a novel by M. Kantor) and The Liberation of L. B. Jones (1970, based on the novel by J. H. Ford), are distinguished by their acute presentation of social problems. During World War II, Wyler saw action while serving in the US Army Air Force; he also made documentary war films.

A master filmmaker, Wyler combines strict classical form with tense inner drama, while making the actor the main spokesman of the author’s ideas. These traits are best seen in his finest films, Wuthering Heights (1939, based on the novel by E. Brontè) and Carrie (1952, based on T. Dreiser’s novel Sister Carrie). Wyler’s talents are also evident in his amusing film comedies Roman Holiday (1953), How to Steal a Million (1966), and Funny Girl (1968).


Kolodiazhnaia, V. Uil’iam Uailer. Moscow, 1975.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It was "The Children's Hour,'' William Wyler's remake of Lillian Hellman's lesbian drama that co-starred Audrey Hepburn and Shirley MacLaine.
This is a critical study of the career of Hollywood director William Wyler (1902-1981), known for such films as Dead End, Wuthering Height, The Little Foxes, Roman Holiday, and Ben-Hur.
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There's an over-reliance on trailer footage but watching chunks of films such as William Wyler's Roman Holiday, Sabrina and Funny Face makes you yearn for the golden days of Hollywood.
For example, in his chapter on Lillian Hellman's The Children's Hour, he deftly traces the implications of the various adjustments made by Hellman and director William Wyler as they adapted the original 1934 stage play into the film These Three (1936), revised it for a revival in 1952, and then adapted it once again for the screen in 1961 (with Shirley MacLaine and Audrey Hepburn).
As it was, director William Wyler had had to fight hard to get his bosses to agree to Sharif in the first place.
The film was directed by William Wyler, one of the masterpieces of the historical genre.
The LCC/DIVA Behind the Lens Seminar screens William Wyler's "Wuthering Heights" at 7 p.m.
Sunset Park follows the hopes and fears of a cast of unforgettable characters and ideas, brought together by the mysterious Miles Heller during the dark months of 2008's financial crisis: An enigmatic trash worker in southern Florida obsessively photographs thousands of objects left behind by evicted families; a group of young people in a squat in Sunset Park, Brooklyn; William Wyler's 1946 classic The Best Years of Our Lives; a celebrated actress returning to Broadway; an independent publisher desperately trying to save his business and his marriage ...
Howard is a famous director because he was a child star, but he's less an auteur with a distinctive style than a versatile craftsman in the tradition of all those highly effective but now easily confused golden-age directors such as William Wyler and William Wellman.
Words and Things in Quo Vadis (1951)", Anne Morey parla della variante religiosa del genere peplum (noto anche come "sword and sandal", notando come quest'ultima occupi un ruolo assolutamente centrale nell'ambito dell'industria hollywoodiana (46), mentre Robert Shandley (in "How Rome Saved Hollywood") concentra la propria analisi su Roman Holiday di William Wyler (1952), un perfetto esempio di "runaway production", ossia di film americano girato interamente all'estero utilizzando fondi statunitensi che non era possibile rimpatriare.