Williamsburg

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See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.

Williamsburg,

historic city (1990 pop. 11,530), seat of James City co., SE Va., on a peninsula between the James and York rivers; settled 1632 as Middle Plantation, laid out and renamed 1699, inc. 1722. It is a popular tourist attraction and is also important as the seat (since 1693) of The College of William and MaryWilliam and Mary in Virginia, College of,
mainly at Williamsburg; state supported; coeducational; chartered 1693, opened 1694 by Episcopalians under James Blair. It became a university in 1779.
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. Electrical goods and metal, paper, and plastic products are manufactured; Eastern State Hospital (1773) also contributes to the economy.

Williamsburg became the temporary capital after the burning of Jamestown (1676) during Bacon's RebellionBacon's Rebellion,
popular revolt in colonial Virginia in 1676, led by Nathaniel Bacon. High taxes, low prices for tobacco, and resentment against special privileges given those close to the governor, Sir William Berkeley, provided the background for the uprising, which was
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, then served as capital of Virginia from 1699 to 1779. It was the scene of important conventions during the movement for American independence, but it declined after the capital was moved (1779) to RichmondRichmond.
1 City (1990 pop. 87,425), Contra Costa co., W Calif., on San Pablo Bay, an inlet of San Francisco Bay; inc. 1905. It is a deepwater commercial port and an industrial center with oil refineries and railroad repair shops.
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. In the Peninsular campaignPeninsular campaign,
in the American Civil War, the unsuccessful Union attempt (Apr.–July, 1862) to capture Richmond, Va., by way of the peninsula between the York and James rivers. The Plan

Early in 1862, Gen. George B.
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 of the Civil War a rearguard action was fought there (May 5, 1862) between retreating Confederates and McClellan's forces.

In 1926, with the financial support of John D. RockefellerRockefeller, John Davison,
1839–1937, American industrialist and philanthropist, b. Richford, N.Y. He moved (1853) with his family to a farm near Cleveland and at age 16 went to work as a bookkeeper.
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, Jr., a large-scale restoration of the city was begun; 700 buildings were removed, 83 were renovated, and 413 were rebuilt on their original sites. Williamsburg has had its colonial appearance recreated, with green formal gardens and many craft shops where revived trades are practiced. Among the historic structures are the colonial capitol (reconstructed); Raleigh Tavern (reconstructed), rendezvous of Revolutionary patriots; the courthouse of 1770; the Bruton Parish Church (1710–15); the governor's palace (reconstructed); the public gaol; and the magazine. The Abby Aldrich Rockefeller museum houses a noted folk art collection. The Colonial Parkway passes through Williamsburg, connecting it with the JamestownJamestown.
1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake; founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area.
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 and YorktownYorktown,
historic town (1990 pop. 270), seat of York co., SE Va., on the York River 10 mi (16 km) from its mouth on Chesapeake Bay; settled 1631, laid out 1691. It is included in the Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and Monuments, table).
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 sections of Colonial National Historical Park (see National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 48,419 (19,603) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
, table).

Bibliography

See J. A. Osborne, Williamsburg in Colonial Times (1936, repr. 1972); J. J. Walket, Jr., and T. K. Ford, A Window on Williamsburg (rev. ed. 1983).

Williamsburg (Independent City), Virginia

401 Lafayette St
Williamsburg, VA 23185
Phone: (757) 220-6100
Fax: (757) 220-6107
www.ci.williamsburg.va.us

In southeastern VA on the peninsula between the James and York rivers, 27 mi. northwest of Newport News. Capital of VA, 1699-1780. Site of College of William and Mary. Serves as county seat for James City County. Name Origin: Established in 1633 as Middle Plantation. Renamed in 1699 for William III (1650-1702), king of England; incorporated as a city in 1884

Area (sq mi):: 8.67 (land 8.54; water 0.13) Population per square mile: 1376.00
Population 2005: 11,751 State rank: 109 Population change: 2000-20005 -2.10%; 1990-2000 4.10% Population 2000: 11,998 (White 77.90%; Black or African American 13.30%; Hispanic or Latino 2.50%; Asian 4.60%; Other 2.70%). Foreign born: 5.20%. Median age: 22.60
Income 2000: per capita $18,483; median household $37,093; Population below poverty level: 18.30% Personal per capita income (2000-2003): $34,850-$38,466
Unemployment (2004): 7.70% Unemployment change (from 2000): 1.70% Median travel time to work: 18.00 minutes Working outside county of residence: 47.80%
Cities with population over 10,000: None
See other counties in .

Williamsburg

monument of American colonial period; settled in 1632. [Am. Hist.: Hart, 930]

Williamsburg

a city in SE Virginia: the capital of Virginia (1693--1779); the restoration of large sections of the colonial city was begun in 1926. Pop.: 11 605 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Archaeologists at the College of William and Mary, the second-oldest college in the nation, have discovered what may be the remains of slave quarters near the center of the college's Williamsburg, Va., campus.
The award, presented to Albertson by Procurement Division Chair Karen Manos (right) in a March ceremony in Williamsburg, Va., has been given annually since 1967 to a Procurement Division member who has devoted extensive time and energy for the general good of the association, the defense industry and government.
The brewery locations that come up most frequently on the "will they close?" list are Fairfield, CA, Merrimack, NH and Williamsburg, VA.
WAY BACK WHEN in colonial times, the citizens of Williamsburg, Va., weren't just drinking grog and mead.
* Medium farmers markets: Williamsburg Farmers Market, Williamsburg, Va. (725 votes);
One early spring day in the middle of March, city leaders, residents, and newspaper reporters gathered in a seven-acre parking lot outside a still-vacant shopping center in Williamsburg, Va.
RINGLING COLLEGE graduate in painting David Piurek is moving to Williamsburg, Va., this month to become head of exhibitions and operations at the Muscarelle Museum of Art at the College of William & Mary.
Land Capital Group, Inc., a nationwide real estate development firm headquartered in Park City, Utah, and Ariel Preferred Retail Group, LLC, the Williamsburg, Va.-based affiliate of Prescott Capital Management, LLC, have formed a joint venture to create The Preferred Outlets at Rockford, a 400,000 s/f retail outlet center in northern Illinois.
3 National Staff Development and Training Association (Dallas) October 2007 14-17 American Association of Food Stamp Directors (Portland, Ore.) 14-17 American Association of Public Welfare Attorneys (Williamsburg, Va.) November 2007 12-14 National Association of State Medicaid Directors (Washington, D.C.)
King of the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Va.
NAVY EXPEDITIONARY LOGISTICS GROUP WILLIAMSBURG, VA.
The group met for the first time in November in Williamsburg, Va., and will meet three more times before presenting its finding to the public in summer 2007.

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