Willibald Pirkheimer

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Pirkheimer, Willibald


(also Bilibald Pirckheimer). Born Dec. 5, 1470, in Eichstätt; died Dec. 22, 1530, in Nurem-burg. German humanist; leader of the Nuremberg humanists.

Pirkheimer was a patrician, a patron of the arts, and a friend of A. Dürer. He was the author of numerous works, including The History of the Swiss War (1499), which he described as an eyewitness. He advocated German unity and the free development of secular culture. In the Reuchlin dispute, he defended the position of J. Reuchlin against reactionary Catholic theologians. He initially supported M. Luther but later opposed the Reformation.


Nemilov, A. N. “Villibal’d Pirkgeimer i ego mesto sredi nemetskikh gumanistov nachala XVI veka.” In the collection Srednie veka, fasc. 28. Moscow, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Although Durer had an elementary education he counted among his personal friends Germany's leading humanists, such as his closest friend and confidant, Willibald Pirckheimer who was one of Germany's most influential humanists and a prolific translator of essential ancient texts by Xenophon, Lucian, Isocrates, Plutarch, and Plato from Greek into Latin and German.
Rudolf bought the drawings from the Imhoff family, descendants of Willibald Pirckheimer, the Nuremberg lawyer and scholar and Durer's closest friend.
(28) Oecolampadius cautioned: "If Christ is in the bread, then wherever the bread is placed or carried, it will be necessary for the body also to be carried to the same place, for it is bread; and one will be at liberty to play with it, so that it will be borne up and down, forward and backward in the bread, according to the whim of the administrant." "Reply to Willibald Pirckheimer on the Subject of the Eucharist," d 1; quoted in LW 37:65, footnote 108.
For instance, she reminds us that the tale about Durer being born in the rear house of a property owned by Willibald Pirckheimer's father dates only to the eighteenth century.
His closest friend and mentor was one of Nurnberg's most distinguished scholars, Willibald Pirckheimer, translator of Hellenic texts into Latin and German.
Also keeping a guiding hand on the fortunes of this young man was Willibald Pirckheimer, the humanist and patrician, who, along with the other three men, were available to assist and encourage Drer throughout most of his life.
Durer's personality is a Gothic text: What are we to make of a man who portrays himself with his sidekick, Willibald Pirckheimer, strolling, as if through a gallery, in the midst of ten thousand martyrs being graphically slaughtered?
Rather, Corine Schleif addresses the artist's biography in depth towards the end of the book in her fascinating discussion of Durer's relationship with his wife, viewed in particular through the prism of his correspondence with his patrician friend Willibald Pirckheimer. After the Preface, the first chapter deals with Durer's work as a draughtsman, followed by chapters on his prints, paintings, relationship to sculpture, trips to Italy and the Netherlands, princely patronage, experience of, and response to, the Reformation, a case study of his iconography, and the critical reception and appropriation of his legacy for better and worse over the course of the twentieth century.
1521), who belonged to the circle of Willibald Pirckheimer, lived at the Schottenkloster in Vienna from 1518 and there made contact with Conrad Celtis.
The abbess, no less a figure than Caritas Pirckheimer (1467-1532), a learned woman and well connected with many of the great humanists of the early sixteenth century (and of course a sister of the famous humanist Willibald Pirckheimer, 1470-1530), declared that she would obey a ruling of the Nuremberg City Council but that there would be no chance for Margarete to return once she had left the convent.
Her discussion here looks at, among others, Erasmus, Mutianus Rufus, Maarten van Dorp, Beatus Rhenanus, Willibald Pirckheimer, Urbanus Rhegius, and Wolfgang Capito.