Cambridgeshire

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Cambridgeshire

Cambridgeshire, county, 1,313 sq mi (3,402 sq km), E central England. The county seat is Cambridge. The county is divided into five administrative districts: Cambridge, South Cambridgeshire, East Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, and Fenland. Most of the area is alluvial fenland, rising to the low, chalky East Anglian Hills in the south, with the Gogmagog Hills near Cambridge the most conspicuous feature. The main rivers are the Ouse, with its tributaries, and the Nene. Efforts to reclaim the fens date back to the days of Roman occupation, but in the subsequent periods of invasion by Danes, Saxons, and Normans they were abandoned. The fens were drained after the Dutchman Cornelius Vermuyden completed a vast drainage project in 1653. Agriculture and light industry are the dominant economic activities. Wheat, barley, potatoes, sugar beets, and fruits are raised. Food processing is an important industry as well as radio engineering and the manufacture of cement, bricks, and scientific instruments. The town of Ely has been an ecclesiastical center for centuries. The Univ. of Cambridge dates from the 12th cent.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Cambridgeshire

 

a county in Great Britain, in England, in the Ouse river basin. Area, 2,300 sq km. Population, 302,500 (1971). Administrative center, Cambridge. The county is divided into two administrative sections: Cambridgeshire proper (area, 1,300 sq km) and the Isle of Ely (area, 1,000 sq km). Cambridgeshire is primarily an agricultural area.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cambridgeshire

a county of E England, in East Anglia: includes the former counties of the Isle of Ely and Huntingdon and lies largely in the Fens: Peterborough became an independent unitary authority in 1998. Administrative centre: Cambridge. Pop. (excluding Peterborough): 571 000 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Peterborough): 3068 sq. km (184 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005