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1 City (1990 pop. 71,529), seat of New Castle co., NE Del., on the Delaware River and tributary streams, the Christina and the Brandywine; settled 1638, inc. as a city 1832. The state's largest city, it is a port of entry handling domestic and foreign shipping. It has railroad shops and is a major financial services and chemical and biomedical center. Wilmington is the headquarters of the Du Pont company and its research and experimental laboratories, as well as of financial services companies. There is food processing, petroleum refining, and the manufacture of machinery; electronics; plastic, metal, and glass products; hardware; leather goods; feeds; transportation, photographic, and computer equipment; furniture; ordnance; textiles and apparel; and steel.

Fort Christina, built there by the Swedes in 1638 (the site is now a state park), was taken by the Dutch (1655) and then by the British (1664). In 1682, William PennPenn, William,
1644–1718, English Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania, b. London, England; son of Sir William Penn. Early Life

He was expelled (1662) from Oxford for his religious nonconformity and was then sent by his father to the Continent to overcome his
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 came into possession of the region. Shipping and manufacturing grew early, and industry was well developed when E. I. Du PontDu Pont, Eleuthère Irénée
, 1772–1834, American gunpowder manufacturer, b. Paris, France; son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours. At the age of 17, Irénée entered the royal gunpowderworks, where Lavoisier taught him the trade.
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 established a powder mill on the Brandywine in 1802. Goldey-Beacom College, a campus of Widener Univ., and a campus of Delaware State Univ. are in the city. Wilmington's many historic buildings include Old Swedes Church (1698). Other points of interest are Rodney Square (the city center), the Delaware Academy of Medicine, the Delaware Art Center, the Riverfront Arts Center, and the nearby Hagley and Winterthur museums, the Woodlawn portion of the First State National Monument, several state parks, and Longwood Gardens.

2 Town (1990 pop. 17,654), Middlesex co., NE Mass., a suburb of Boston, on the Ipswich River; settled 1639, inc. 1730. Economic enterprises include space research and the manufacture of plastics, machinery, medical equipment, and electronics.

3 City (1990 pop. 55,530), seat of New Hanover co., SE N.C., a port of entry on the Cape Fear River, c.30 mi (50 km) from its mouth; settled 1732, inc. as a city 1866. The state's largest port, Wilmington is also a tourist resort and a sports fishing center. Its manufactures include chemicals; plastics; machinery; rubber, paper, and metal products; yachts; building materials; apparel; and optical fibers. Wilmington is also a busy filmmaking center. The British Gen. CornwallisCornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess
, 1738–1805, English general and statesman. He was commissioned an ensign in the British army in 1756 and saw service in Europe in the Seven Years War.
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 held the town in 1781. During the Civil War, Wilmington was the last Confederate port to close; Confederate blockade runners used it until the fall of Fort FisherFort Fisher,
Confederate earthwork fortification, built by Gen. William Whiting in 1862 to guard the port of Wilmington, N.C.; scene of one of the last large battles of the Civil War.
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 on Jan. 15, 1865. Liberty ships (cargo/transport ships) were built there during World War II. The Univ. of North Carolina Wilmington is in the city. The U.S.S. North Carolina is moored in the river.

4 City (1990 pop. 11,199), seat of Clinton co., SW Ohio, in a farm (chiefly corn and hogs) area; settled 1810, inc. 1828. Tools, machinery, metal products, and transportation equipment are made. Wilmington College of Ohio is there, and a state park is nearby.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city and seaport in the eastern part of the USA, in the state of Delaware; situated on the Delaware River. Population, 75,000; including suburbs, 525,000 (1974). Wilmington is a center of the US chemical industry. In 1974, 70,000 people were employed in the city’s industries, which include oil refining, rubber production, metalworking, metallurgy, machine building, and shipbuilding. Wilmington also has light industries and a military industry. The city was founded in 1638.



a city in the USA, in the state of North Carolina. Population, 46,200; including suburbs, 107,000 (1970). Wilmington is a seaport on Cape Fear River. In 1970 it registered a freight turnover of 4.2 million tons, most of it imports of petroleum products, phosphorites, and sugar. The city’s industrial enterprises manufacture tobacco, wood products, textiles, clothing, and chemicals. [26–1564—1]

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a port in N Delaware, on the Delaware River: industrial centre. Pop.: 72 051 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
All three work in the Boston office of Wilmington Trust FSB and specialise in serving high-net-worth individuals and families, as well as endowments and foundations, with asset allocation, investment strategy implementation, security selection, and client reporting.
6 at Coble Ward-Smith Funeral Home, 3915 Oleander Drive, Wilmington, NC (910-392-4444).
Wilmington, through its healthcare analytics subsidiary NHiS, a provider of business intelligence and data analysis to the pharmaceutical industry, said it has partnered with Evantage for over five years.
Second half cash flow generation was strong, and Wilmington has not altered its expectations in terms of year-end debt.
My Friend's Dentist, based in Wilmington North Carolina, is an award-winning dental practice that provides general and cosmetic dental services to patients of all ages.
Wilmington Trust has announced it has been conditionally approved for a payment institution license by the central bank of France, the company said.
When Wilmington asked the Breslers to make yearly, on-going, collateral payments, they refused and eventually sued, advancing theories of liability sounding in tort and contract.
In the new role, Klein will be responsible for leading the expansion of the family wealth business in the Eastern U.S., collaborating with Wilmington Trust and M&T Bank colleagues to serve high-net-worth clients.
This transaction allows Wilmington to focus its resources on its core client communities and secure a good return for shareholders from historic investments.
(NASDAQ: ADI), announced it has officially broken ground on its new global headquarters in Wilmington, Mass.
Wilmington Healthcare, a healthcare intelligence provider, has named Sue Plant as its new commercial director for MedTech, it was reported on Friday.
Modern Aviation, an FBO platform backed by Tiger Infrastructure Partners, has announced that it had closed the acquisition of Air Wilmington located at Wilmington International Airport in Wilmington, North Carolina, the company said.

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