Wilson, Henry

Wilson, Henry

Wilson, Henry, 1812–75, American politician, Vice President of the United States (1873–75), b. Farmington, N.H. At 21 he legally changed his name from Jeremiah Jones Colbath, and as Henry Wilson he apprenticed himself to a cobbler at Natick, Mass. Wilson became successful as a shoe manufacturer and as a Whig politician, serving as a state legislator for most of the years from 1841 to 1852. His strong abolitionist convictions led him to leave the Whigs in 1848, when he helped organize the Free Soil party. Elected (1855) to the U.S. Senate by the Know-Nothing legislature, Wilson finally joined (1856) the Republican party because of its clear opposition to slavery. He was a leading radical Republican for the rest of his career. During the Civil War he was chairman of the Senate committee on military affairs. The “Natick cobbler,” as he was called, was elected Vice President on the ticket headed by Ulysses S. Grant in 1872, but he died before completing his term. Wilson wrote the History of the Rise and Fall of the Slave Power in America (3 vol., 1872–77), the first major history of the coming of the Civil War.


See biographies by E. McKay (1971) and R. H. Abbott (1972).

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Wilson, Henry (b. Jeremiah Jones Colbath)

(1812–75) vice-president, abolitionist; born in Farmington, N.H. A poor farm laborer with little formal schooling, at age 21 he renamed himself and went off to Massachusetts where he soon had a successful shoe factory. After a trip to Virginia exposed him to slavery (1836), he devoted the rest of his life to abolishing it, frequently changing political affiliations until he found a party, the new Republican Party, opposed to slavery. He represented Massachusetts in the Senate (1855–73), when he became Ulysses S. Grant's second-term vice-president; but after two strokes he died in office.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
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The collection includes artists such as Scottie Wilson, Henry Darger and Perifimou (Alexander Georgiou), whose Forbidden Territory (1986) is illustrated here.
Pictured, in the back row, Sheridan, Wilson, Henry and McAveety.
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Riding Club Horse 14.3 and Over: 1, Susan Mckenzie, Paris; 2, Bev Curtis, Coquet Graffiti; 3, Chris Shorter, Dave; 4,Fiona Grant, Majestic Flight; 5, Helen Wilson, Henry;
Fourballs: Ronald, Henderson bt McArthur, Brown 2&1; King, Law lost to Wilson, Henry 3&2; Kelly, Doak bt Murray, Ramsay 4&3; remaining three games uncompleted but declared halves.
Also perfoming on the album are accordion players Tony Cedras (Paul Simon, Cassandra Wilson, Henry Threadgill), Rob Burger (Tin Hat Trio) and pianist Uri Caine (Dave Douglas, Don Byron).
In 1911, Scott and his British team - comprising of 14 members, including Edward Wilson, Henry Bowers, Edward Evans, Apsley Cherry-Garrad, William Lashly and Lawrence E.
He was accompanied by Edward Wilson, Henry Bowers, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates on a voyage that was as difficult as his previous attempts, but which successfully reached the south pole on January 18, 1912.
He already has fresh talent queuing up for the Cabinet in Peter Mandelson, Brian Wilson, Henry McLeish, Tessa Jowell and Ian McCartney.