Wovoka

(redirected from Wilson, Jack)
Also found in: Dictionary.

Wovoka

Wovoka (wōvōˈkə), c.1858–1932, Paiute, prophet of a messianic religion sometimes called the Ghost Dance religion. Also known as Jack Wilson, he was influenced by his father (a mystic) as well as by the Christian family for whom he worked and the Shaker religion. Wovoka claimed that during an eclipse of the sun (Jan. 1, 1889) he had had a vision in which God had given him a message—the time was coming when the earth would die and come alive again; all whites would disappear from the earth's surface, and all native people, living and dead, would be reunited to live a life free from death, disease, and misery. In order to bring this about, however, the Native Americans would have to follow Wovoka's doctrine of pacifism and practice the sacred dance he taught them. To make his message more convincing, Wovoka proved his supernatural powers by simple tricks, one of which, the supposedly bulletproof ghost shirt, was to play a tragic part in the massacre of the Sioux at Wounded Knee. Before long his stature grew from Paiute prophet to Messiah, and his religion, which spread rapidly through the western indigenous nations, took on warlike overtones never intended by its founder. The great popularity of Wovoka's ghost dance waned as his prophecy failed to materialize and as his converts were forced onto reservations.

Bibliography

See biography by P. Bailey (1957, repr. 1970).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Wovoka

(?1858–1932) Paiute visionary, founder of the Ghost Dance religion; born on the Walker River in present-day Nevada. His father, a religious mystic, died when Wovoka was about 14 and he went to work with a white family, the Wilsons; he was known to whites as Jack Wilson. At the end of 1888, he had a vision that drew on a mixture of Indian and Christian religious teachings: he claimed that the Messiah would return Native Americans to a pre-contact existence—and rid the continent of whites—if Indians would live in harmony and in traditional ways and, above all, dance the Ghost Dance. His message spread quickly among the tribes of the Great Plains and the Northwest and they began to adopt the Ghost Dance and regard Wovoka as a great deliverer. The Sioux became especially fervent in their adoption of this cult; their restiveness culminated in the murder of Sitting Bull and the massacre at Wounded Knee. The Ghost Dance cult lost its appeal for most Indians, and during the next decade, Wovoka moderated his message and advised Indians to accommodate themselves to the whites' ways. He spent his final years on a reservation in Nevada.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.
References in periodicals archive ?
But it's losing heartbeat of the side in Chris Cohen, Henri Lansbury, Andy Reid, Kelvin Wilson, Jack Hobbs and David Vaughan that is really hurting Davies as youth team coach Jonathan Greening had first start in two years.
In this comedy from Devil Wears Prada and Marley and Me director David Frankel which is based on Mark Obmascik's book of the same name, three fanatical bird-watchers (Steve Martin, Owen Wilson, Jack Black) spend an entire year competing to spot the highest number of species as El Nino sends an extraordinary variety of rare breeds flying up into the U.S.
Wilson, Jack E SS 10/30/2011 Elect Free Agency under Article XXB
Dalglish has injury doubts over Danny Wilson, Jack Robinson and Brad Jones, although Alexander Doni could be involved despite dislocating his finger in last week's friendly defeat at Rangers.
STARSTRUCK William and Kate met, left from top, Tom Hanks and wife Rita Wilson, Jack Black and wife Tanya Haden, Nicole Kidman and Jennifer Garner at the black-tie party IMPRESSED , from top left, Jennifer Lopez, Barbra Streisand and husband James Brolin.
Shrewsbury: Allen Burgess, Patrick Collins, John Curley, Joseph D'Agostino, Jacob Dubois, Christopher Ellis, Colin Fischer, Aditya Gopinath, Matthew Haley, Ammar Ilyas, Tanner Johnson, Rohan Kapoor, Robert Labonte, Brian Le, Connor Long, Ryan Long, Matthew Lyon, Evan Maranto, Nicholas Marin, Reshav Mehtani, Pedro Mora, Michael Nazzaro, John Palmero, Anthony Perry, Mario Pizzeri, Gregory Polechronis, Curtiss Pomeroy, Austin Reidel, Peter Robinson, Jeremy Rocco, Christopher Rutigliano, Nicholas Rutigliano, Zachary Santora, Michael Tozeski, Stephen Trudel, Sean Wilson, Jack Wyman.
Reserve team youngsters Dani Pacheco, Nathan Eccleston, Danny Wilson, Jack Robinson and John Flanagan have also been included in the squad.
Myself, Ray Wilson, Jack Charlton and Jimmy Armfield all smoked.
Division One: Collycroft v Market Bosworth (Mick Wilson, Jack Gisbourne), Haunchwood v Hinckley (Ted Buxton, Ken Morgan), Nuneaton II v Fillongley (Geoff Barnett, Ted Hough), Wolvey v Bulkington (Peter Cox, Lester Gibson).
Paul Wilson, Jack Williamson, Harlan Ellison, Ray Gardon, Chelsea Quinn Yarbro, Charles L.
capt), Abhinav Manikandan (wk), Issa Rahim Bakhsh Mahmood, Kunal Pandya, Taha Shah, Nikhil Kuruvilla, Karthik Balasubramanian, Shrey Wilson, Jack Prasad, Nyamul Amin, Araj Mohandas and Zohaib Rana.