James Wilson

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Wilson, James,

1742–98, American jurist, signer of the Declaration of Independence, b. near St. Andrews, Scotland. He studied at the universities of Glasgow and Edinburgh and, after emigrating to Pennsylvania in 1766, taught Latin at the College of Philadelphia (now Univ. of Pennsylvania). He studied law there under John DickinsonDickinson, John,
1732–1808, American patriot and statesman, b. Talbot co., Md. After studying law in Philadelphia and in London at the Middle Temple, he developed a highly successful practice in Philadelphia.
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, was later admitted to the bar in 1767, and became a successful lawyer within a few years. He was a member of the Pennsylvania convention (1774) and in the following year was elected a delegate to the Continental Congress. Although he strongly disputed Parliament's authority over the colonies, he opposed independence until July, 1776. Because he vigorously opposed the extremely democratic principles of the Pennsylvania constitution of 1776, he lost (1777) his seat in Congress. He became allied with the conservative faction and argued for it in the Congress of the Confederation (1782–83, 1785–87). Wilson is especially known for his part in the Constitutional ConventionConstitutional Convention,
in U.S. history, the 1787 meeting in which the Constitution of the United States was drawn up. The Road to the Convention

The government adopted by the Thirteen Colonies in America (see Confederation, Articles of, and Continental
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 of 1787, where he was a proponent of a strong executive. His influence in drawing up the Constitution was second only to that of James MadisonMadison, James,
1751–1836, 4th President of the United States (1809–17), b. Port Conway, Va. Early Career

A member of the Virginia planter class, he attended the College of New Jersey (now Princeton), graduating in 1771.
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. He was active in drafting the Pennsylvania constitution of 1790 and served as associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1789–98). He was the first professor of law (1789) at the College of Philadelphia. Wilson wrote a number of pamphlets, addresses, treatises, and lectures on law.


See biography by C. P. Smith (1956, repr. 1973); the collection of his works, 2 vol., ed by R. G. McCloskey (1804, repr. 1967).

Wilson, James,

1836–1920, American agriculturist and cabinet officer, b. Ayrshire, Scotland. He emigrated to the United States and settled (1851) in Connecticut, later moving (1855) to Tama co., Iowa, where he became a successful farmer. A member of the Republican party, he served in the state legislature (1867–73) and in the U.S. Congress (1873–77, 1883–85). Wilson was (1891–97) director of the agricultural experiment station and professor of agriculture at Iowa State (now Iowa State Univ. of Science and Technology). As Secretary of Agriculture (1897–1913) under Presidents William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, and William Howard Taft, he greatly expanded the services of the department; a number of experimental stations were set up over the country, and the aid of experts and scientists was enlisted.

Wilson, James

(1742–98) lawyer, political thinker, U.S. Supreme Court justice; born in Carskerdo, Scotland. He emigrated from Scotland in 1765, and after reading law under John Dickinson, he began a practice in 1768; by 1773 he had also begun the first of his lifelong speculations in land purchases. In 1774 he distributed to members of the First Continental Congress his pamphlet, Considerations on the Nature and Extent of the Legislative Authority of the British Parliament, in which he rejected any authority of the British Parliament over the colonies. He signed the Declaration of Independence and was a central figure at the Constitutional Convention (1787) where he argued strongly for popular election of both houses of Congress and the President. In 1789 he became one of the first six justices of the Supreme Court. His most important decision was in Chisholm v. Georgia, in which he was able to reaffirm his long-standing belief that sovereignty lay with the people of the U.S.A., not with the state. He had continued his land speculations even as a justice and was being threatened both by creditors and with impeachment when he died.
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Fourth row, from left, are William Dawson, Kurt Kunkel, Todd Kirst, Robert Wilson, James Pound, Joseph Erler, and Gordon Perkins.
New Hampshire Bartlett, Josiah Thornton, Matthew Whipple, William New Jersey Clark, Abraham Hart, John Hopkinson, Francis Stockton, Richard Witherspoon, John New York Floyd, William Lewis, Francis Livingston, Philip Morris, Lewis North Carolina Hewes, Joseph Hooper, William Penn, John Pennsylvania Clymer, George Franklin, Benjamin Morris, Robert Morton, John Ross, George Rush, Benjamin Smith, James Taylor, George Wilson, James Rhode Island Ellery, William Hopkins, Stephen South Carolina Heyward, Thomas, Jr.
As a BMI songwriting Icon, Carole King will join a list that includes John Fogerty, Willie Nelson, Paul Simon, Brian Wilson, James Brown, Dolly Parton, and others.
Maxwell has urged his side to get back-to-back 1-0 defeats in the past week out their system as they welcome Auchinleck - who are without key men Stevie Wilson, James Latta, Dwayne Hyslop and Mark Shankland.
The cast also features George Wilson, James McMartin, Les O'Dochartaigh, Bernie Foley, Kivan Dene and Nick Birkinshaw.
Ford's goals were shared by Peter Williams, Graeme Troughton, Lee Wilson, James Maccoy and Darren Turnbull, Cliff Lyall on target for Dynamo.
The result is an astonishing portrayal of the key Labour figures of his era - Harold Wilson, James Callaghan, Denis Healey, Michael Foot and many more.
James Sunderland had an impressive seven-goal haul in the defeat against Sheffield Thunder, Wolverhamptom Wolverines were beaten by 118 points - Robbie Wilson, James Sunderland and club president Karl Haigh all grabbing five goals each - and there was a satisfying victory in the last round of league matches against semi-final bound Birmingham Bears, 68-46.
Experienced playmaker Critchlow, who appeared in a variety of positions last season, will focus on skills and back play with a view to developing young talent across the threequarters followng the retirement of Toby Wilson, James Lloyd-Jones, Lee Ward and Ben Copson.