Windows 95

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Windows 95

(operating system)
(Win95) Microsoft's successor to their Windows 3.11 operating system for IBM PCs. It was known as "Chicago" during development. Its release was originally scheduled for late 1994 but eventually happened on 11 Jul 1995, followed by Service Release 1 on 1995-12-31 and OSR2 (OEM Service Release 2) on 1996-08-24.

In contrast to earlier versions, Windows 95 is a complete operating system rather than a graphical user interface running on top of MS-DOS.

It provides 32-bit application support, pre-emptive multitasking, threading and built-in networking (TCP/IP, IPX, SLIP, PPP, and Windows Sockets). It includes MS-DOS 7.0, but takes over completely after booting. The graphical user interface, while similar to previous Windows versions, is significantly improved.

Windows 95 has also been described as "32-bit extensions and a graphical shell for a 16-bit patch to an 8-bit operating system originally coded for a 4-bit microprocessor, written by a 2-bit company that can't stand 1-bit of competition".

The successor to Windows 95 was Windows 98.

Windows 95

The first 32-bit Windows operating system and a major upgrade to Windows 3.1. Introduced in August 1995, it added a completely redesigned user interface featuring the Start menu and Taskbar. The Windows 3.1 interface (Program Manager and File Manager) was also included as an option. Windows 95 became popular very quickly.

Major Improvements
Windows 95 improved networking and added long file names and Plug and Play, the latter a welcome relief for users. Memory limitations, plaguing users in Windows 3.1, were greatly diminished. Windows 95 also included preemptive multitasking, which allowed programs to be timeshared together more effectively than in Windows 3.1.

No More Booting DOS First
Windows 95 was the first Windows that booted directly. Previously, Windows 3.1 was loaded after the machine booted into DOS. In Windows 95, DOS was built in. See Windows, Win95B and Win 9x/3.1 Differences.
References in periodicals archive ?
0 extends its user interface tools, instrument drivers, analysis routines, and input/output libraries to users of standard 32-bit C/C++ development tools from Microsoft, Borland, Symantec, and WATCOM operating in Win95 and Windows NT environments.
0 is compatible with Win95 and loads large applications up to 66% faster than previous versions.
is a 16-bit data acquisition software implementation of the Win95 operating system.
0 for Windows (a database), OnTim (a calendar program), WinFile (the new name for the old File Manager), Explorer (a file-launching function), the Win95 calculator, the Control Panel (for customizing the computer screen, mouse, calendar, modem and password, for example), the Win95 talking alarm clock, Briefcase (a program for synchronizing files between multiple computers), CompuServe and, for the fun of it, Solitaire.
1 and Win95 is that Win95 can fully use whatever RAM is available on a computer--unlike Windows 3.
For CPAs, the removal of the RAM limitation is important: Under Win95 they can use the full power of the new computer hardware.
Moreover, Microsoft will encourage Win95 customers to buy CD-ROM versions, which may help reduce demand for magnetic media.
Even if Microsoft by itself doesn't create manufacturing gridlock, there are at least a hundred Windows developers who have Win95 upgrades waiting in the wings; the instant Microsoft freezes the operating system code, most of these titles will go into production as rapidly as possible.
Resellers will jump on the Win95 bandwagon by showcasing as many Win95 titles as possible; to free up inventory dollars and shelf space for these new titles, most chains are likely to start sending back older Windows 3.
One of the most talked-about Win95 technologies is plug-and-play.
Older boards can also be used with Win95, but you still need to configure them as you have in the past.
1 have been moved into 32-bit heaps in Win95, providing more room to run other applications and store large amounts of data.