Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

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Related to Winchester manuscript: Sir Thomas Malory

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle,

collective name given several English monastic chronicles in Anglo-Saxon, all stemming from a compilation made from old annals and other sources c.891. Although the work was thought for some time to have been commissioned by King AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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, there is no positive evidence to substantiate this claim; his encouragement of learning, however, undoubtedly inspired the compilation of the chronicle. The original chronicle was later edited with additions, omissions, and continuations by monks in various monasteries. The four chronicles recognized as distinct are called the Winchester Chronicle, the Abingdon Chronicle, the Worcester Chronicle, and the Peterborough Chronicle.

The account begins with the start of the Christian era and extends to 1154. Much of the very early material is drawn from BedeBede, Saint
, or Baeda
(St. Bede the Venerable), 673?–735, English historian and Benedictine monk, Doctor of the Church, also called the Venerable Bede. He spent his whole life at the monasteries of Wearmouth (at Sunderland) and Jarrow and became probably the
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's history. From the period of the wars between Saxons and Danes onward, most of the annals are original and are the sole source for information about certain events. The writing is generally in sparse prose, but some poems are inserted, notably the stirring "Battle of Brunanburh" (see BrunanburhBrunanburh, battle of
, A.D. 937, a victory won by Athelstan, king of the English, over a coalition of Irish, Scots, and Britons (or Welsh) of Strathclyde. The site of the battle is not known. The battle is celebrated in a poem in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
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See C. Plummer, ed., Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (1892–99); D. Whitelock et al., ed., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1962); C. Clark, ed., The Peterborough Chronicle (2d ed. 1970); G. N. Farmonsway, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (1978).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Winchester manuscript, she says, is the most complete and accurate version, though she does keep in mind variants from others, especially those incorporated into Caxton's printed edition.
Using the 'Vinaver Principle', that 'what appears in a writer's source and in an extant version of his text should be assumed to have been in his original', Field produces four versions of the list: one for the Morte Arthure, one for the Winchester manuscript of Malory, one for Caxton's edition as Malory's work, and one for Caxton's edition as Caxton's work.
The evidence of the Winchester Manuscript indicates, however, that Malory really wrote this famous work as eight separate romances, and a modern edition presents the material in that manner, under the title The Works of Sir Thomas Malory.
At the same time an ongoing debate over the choice of text--the Winchester manuscript or William Caxton's edition--has continued, taking as a starting-point the drastically reduced episode of the Roman war in Caxton's edition, interpreted either as a sign of his editorial intrusion in Malory's original text or alternatively as Malory's own version of the story of King Arthur and Emperor Lucius.
The primary texts of Malory's Morte Darthur are the Winchester Manuscript (W) and Caxton's edition of 1485 (C).
One looks in vain for clarification of the relationship between the Winchester manuscript and Caxton's editio princeps - for which one must turn to the Kalamazoo papers of 1993, published in revised form in Arthuriana, v (1995).
In the Winchester manuscript text of Malory's Roman War story, Sir Gawain, on a foraging expedition in Tuscany, finds a strange knight who tries to take him prisoner.
Rankin examines the extent to which the organum theory of the Musica and Scolica enchiriadis and especially Guido's Micrologus prescribe the practice of the 'old' organum found in the Winchester manuscripts, mainly in order to shift the theory-dominated view of practice in modern scholarship to one informed by the music itself.