Winckler, Hugo

Winckler, Hugo

Winckler, Hugo (ho͞oˈgō vĭngkˈlər), 1863–1913, German Orientalist. A professor at the Univ. of Berlin, Winckler was noted for his archaeological work. He helped to excavate the Phoenician city of Sidon. During excavations at Boğazköy in 1906–7 he discovered cuneiform tablets in Hittite (or Kanesian), a principal source for knowledge of the Hittites. The tablets represent the official archives of Hattusas, the capital of the Hittite empire, and detail foreign relations with the Egyptians, Babylonians, Cypriots, and Greeks c.1300 B.C. The tablets were deciphered in 1924 by the Czech scholar Friedrich Hrozny.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Winckler, Hugo


Born July 4, 1863, in Gräfenhainichen; died Apr. 19, 1913, in Berlin. German Assyriologist and archaeologist. Founder of the German Near East Society.

Winckler studied and published many cuneiform texts (diplomatic correspondence from Tell el-Amarna, chronicles of Sargon II, and other texts). During the archaeological excavations at Boghaz Kale (Turkey) in 1906-07, he discovered the palaces and fortifications of the Hittite capital Hattusas (Hattushash) and the archives of the Hittite kings. Winckler’s historical views are distinguished by extreme idealism and subjectivity. He and F. Delitzsch were the founders of panBabylonianism, a reactionary trend in Oriental studies.


Altorientalische Forschungen, series 1-3. Leipzig, 1893-1906.
Geschichte Babyloniens und Assyriens. Leipzig, 1892.
Vorderasien im 2 Jahrtausend auf Grund der archivalen Studien. Leipzig, 1913.
In Russian translation:
Vavilonskaia kul’tura v ee otnoshenii k kul’turnomu razvitiiu chelovechestva. Moscow, 1913.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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