Wind Cave National Park


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Related to Wind Cave National Park: Jewel Cave

See also: National Parks and Monuments (table)National Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.

Wind Cave National Park,

28,295 acres (11,459 hectares), in the Black Hills, SW S.Dak.; est. 1903. Wind Cave, discovered in 1881, was named for the strong air currents that blow alternately in and out of it depending on whether the atmospheric pressure is higher or lower than the air pressure inside the cave. There are 10.5 mi (16.9 km) of explored passageways. The cave's temperature remains constant at 47°F; (8°C;). Unusual calcite-crystal and boxwork formations make Wind Cave unique. The park's surface is characterized by rolling grasslands where bison, elk, deer, and pronghorn antelope can be found; several prairie dog towns are in the park. See National Parks and MonumentsNational Parks and Monuments

National Parks
Name Type1 Location Year authorized Size
acres (hectares)
Description
Acadia NP SE Maine 1919 49,075 (19,868) Mountain and coast scenery.
..... Click the link for more information.
 (table).
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Wind Cave National Park

Address:26611 US Hwy 385
Hot Springs, SD 57747

Phone:605-745-4600
Fax:605-745-4207
Web: www.nps.gov/wica/
Size: 28,295 acres.
Established: Established on January 9, 1903. Wind Cave National Game Preserve established on August 10, 1912, and added to the park on June 15, 1935.
Location:In southwestern South Dakota. From Rapid City, take US 79 south for 50 miles to US 18, then right onto US 385 North, which passes through Hot Springs and into the park. Also accessible via US 16 west out of Rapid City onto US 385 south.
Facilities:Campground (é), picnic area, rest rooms (é), restaurant/snacks, visitor center (é), museum/exhibit, self-guided tour/trail.
Activities:Camping, hiking, auto touring, guided cave tours and prairie hikes.
Special Features:Here in the scenic Black Hills, one of the world's longest and most complex caves is well known for its outstanding display of boxwork, an unusual cave formation composed of thin calcite fins resembling honeycombs. The park's mixed grass prairie is one of the few remaining and is home to native wildlife such as bison, elk, pronghorn, mule deer, coyotes, and prairie dogs.

See other parks in South Dakota.
Parks Directory of the United States, 5th Edition. © 2007 by Omnigraphics, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Factors influencing a declining pronghorn population in Wind Cave National Park, South Dakota.
One hundred years ago, in an effort to protect and preserve a remarkable cave system, President Theodore Roosevelt made history by establishing Wind Cave National Park. The cave was the first in the world to be designated a national park.
Limestone hills often hide caves, such as Wind Cave National Park near Hot Springs or Jewel Cave National Monument near Custer.
For example, the plan states that joint management of the bison herds within Wind Cave National Park and nearby Custer State Park could result in "new revenues" to offset operating costs.
Wind Cave National Park and its smaller cousin, Jewel Cave National Monument, are phenomena that seem out of place following a long drive across the High Plains.
So far, only the bison herds that live in Yellowstone, Grand Teton, Badlands, Theodore Roosevelt and Wind Cave national parks have tested free of hybrids, as well as a few private herds.