Windsor, British royal house
Windsor (wĭnˈzər), name of the royal house of Great Britain. The name Wettin, family name of Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, consort of Queen Victoria, as well as Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, the name of the British royal house beginning with Edward VII (their eldest son), was changed to Windsor by George V in 1917. The new name was adopted by all members of the family. In 1952, Queen Elizabeth II, who married Philip Mountbatten, duke of Edinburgh, decreed that she and her descendants (other than females who marry) should retain the name Windsor. A declaration of 1960, however, declared that all her direct descendants, other than those bearing the title prince or princess and styled Royal Highness (i.e., the sovereign's children, the children of the sovereign's sons, and the eldest son of the eldest son of the prince of Wales) and females who marry, would be known as Mountbatten-Windsor. The name Mountbatten-Windsor also is used by those styled Royal Highness when they need to use a surname. Windsor remained the name of the British royal house.
Windsor, cities, Canada
Town (1991 pop. 3,625), central N.S., Canada, at the mouth of the Avon River on an arm of Minas Basin. It is the center of a gypsum and limestone-quarrying area. Manufactures include fertilizers, building materials, and lumber products. Windsor was settled by Acadians (1703) and called Pisiquid. After their expulsion it was settled by New Englanders and renamed in 1764. It is the site of Fort Edward, built (1750) by the British. King's College, the first English university in Canada, was founded in Windsor in 1789 but moved in 1923 to Halifax as part of Dalhousie Univ. Windsor claims to be the cradle of Canadian hockey, on the basis of evidence in T. C. Haliburton
's The Attaché. 2
City (1991 pop. 191,435), S Ont., Canada, on the Detroit River opposite Detroit, Mich. It is Canada's leading port of entry from the United States and is in a rich agricultural region. Its manufactures include automobiles, industrial machinery, food and beverages, salt, and chemicals. The city was settled by the French in 1749. After the American Revolution many Loyalists settled in the area. In the early 20th cent., when Ford, General Motors, Chrysler, and other automobile companies built plants in the area, Windsor was known as the “Auto Capital of the British Empire.” By the early 21st cent., however, Windsor had suffered from the downsizing that affected the American automotive industry, and most of the plants there had closed. The former suburb of Sandwich was merged with Windsor in 1935. The city is the seat of Windsor Univ.
Windsor, town, England
Windsor (wĭnˈzər), town (1991 pop. 31,544), Windsor and Maidenhead, S central England, on the Thames River. There is some light industry and printing. The town is a popular tourist destination; the Danish toymaker Lego opened a Legoland amusement park there in 1996. In Elizabethan times about 70 inns enlivened Windsor. Christopher Wren designed the town hall, and Grinling Gibbons did much of the wood carving in the Church of St. John the Baptist.
The town's importance derives from Windsor Castle, the chief residence of English rulers since William I. The castle was improved and rebuilt by successive sovereigns. Henry II erected the Round Tower, and Edward IV began the construction of St. George's Chapel, one of the most splendid churches in England, where the Knights of the Garter are installed with medieval ceremony. In the chapel are buried several of England's kings. Some vaults are used to store art treasures, national archives, and museum collections.
The modern castle, which contains about 1,000 rooms and occupies 13 acres (5 hectares), consists of three “wards”—the upper, middle, and lower. In 1992 a fire in the upper ward destroyed or damaged more than 100 rooms; restoration was completed in 1997. The castle proper lies in the Home Park, and beyond it, separated by the tree-lined Long Walk, is the Great Park. In Frogmore, the royal mausoleum, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert are buried. On the castle grounds is a large lake named Virginia Water.
Windsor, town, United States
, town (1990 pop. 27,817), Hartford co., N Conn., at the confluence of the Farmington and Connecticut rivers, just N of Hartford. Settled by Plymouth Colony
in 1633, the town was named Dorchester in 1635 and renamed Windsor in 1637. Windsor was the first English settlement in Connecticut and is the state's oldest town. Although primarily residential, the town has a variety of industries including insurance and the manufacture of iron and paper products, computer components, tools, machinery, and electronics. It was once renowned for its tobacco production and still produces some shade-grown tobacco; the town was long a brick-manufacturing center. The American statesman Oliver Ellsworth
was born there; his home is a museum. Colonial buildings in Windsor include Fyler House (1640) and the Joseph Loomis House.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
(New Windsor), a city in Great Britain, in Berkshire County, on the Thames River, 37 km west of London. Population, 17,200 (1967).
Windsor is the main summer residence of the British kings. The royal castle was built at the end of the 11th century by William the Conqueror. The present-day ensemble with its two courts, “round tower” in the center (c. 1272), and very old park (its main sections date from the 17th and 18th centuries), is the result of additions and renovations from the 13th through the 19th centuries. Saint George’s Chapel (1474—1528), with its fan vaults, is a masterpiece of English late Gothic architecture. The castle has a very rich collection of paintings, drawings, Gobelin tapestries, and weaponry.
REFERENCEBailie, A. V. Windsor Castle and The Chapel of Saint George. London-Toronto, 1927.
a city in eastern Canada, in the province of Ontario. Situated on the Detroit River, across from the city of Detroit in the United States; linked with Detroit by a bridge and tunnel. Population, 258,600 (1971). A transportation junction, Windsor is Canada’s leading producer of automobiles. Other industries include the production of electronic and other equipment for automobiles, ferrous metallurgy, and the production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Windsor has two universities.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. the official name of the British royal family from 1917
1. a town in S England, in Windsor and Maidenhead unitary authority, Berkshire, on the River Thames, linked by bridge with Eton: site of Windsor Castle, residence of English monarchs since its founding by William the Conqueror; Old Windsor, royal residence in the time of Edward the Confessor, is 3 km (2 miles) southeast. Pop.: 26 747 (2001 est.)
2. a city in SE Canada, in S Ontario on the Detroit River opposite Detroit: motor-vehicle manufacturing; university (1963). Pop.: 208 402 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005