Wineland, David Jeffrey

Wineland, David Jeffrey,

1944–, American physicist, b. Milwaukee, Wis., Ph.D. Harvard, 1970. Wineland has been a researcher at the National Institute of Standards and Technology and the Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, since 1975. He was the joint recipient of the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics with Serge HarocheHaroche, Serge,
1944–, French physicist, Ph.D. Paris VI Univ., 1971. He was a professor at Pierre and Marie Curie Univ. from 1975 to 2001 and at Paris VI Univ. from 1982 to 2001, when he joined the faculty at the Collège de France.
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 for their ground-breaking experimental methods that enable the measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems. Working separately and using different methods, Haroche and Wineland found ways to study particles of matter and light without destroying them. Wineland trapped ionsion,
atom or group of atoms having a net electric charge. Positive and Negative Electric Charges

A neutral atom or group of atoms becomes an ion by gaining or losing one or more electrons or protons.
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 (electrically charged atoms) and measured them with light. The work done by the two physicists could offer a way to develop quantum computers, which could be far more powerful than current systems.
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