Winged Missile

winged missile

[′wiŋd ′mis·əl]
A missile that has wings, distinguished from wingless missiles such as bullets, projectiles, and certain rockets.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Winged Missile


an experimental guided winged missile of a series worked out from 1934 to 1938 by the missile research

Figure 2. Construction of an airplane wing: (1) skin, (2) ailerons, (3) slats, (4) flaps, (5) spoilers, (6) aerodynamic fin, (7) front spar, (8) middle spar, (9) rear spar, (10) ribs, (11) stringers

institute under the guidance of S. P. Korolev. The series included missiles 212, 201, 216, and 217.

Missile 212 of the surface-to-surface class, with the ORM-65 liquid-propellant rocket engine, was a monoplane with a centrally mounted tapered wing. The launch weight was 210 kg, with 30 kg of fuel (nitric acid and kerosine) and a payload of 30 kg; the length was 3 m. It had a computed flight range of up to 50 km. The missile was equipped with a gyro-automatic device for stabilization and control in flight. It was launched by a gunpowder catapult from a rail track. The first flight took place on Jan. 29, 1939.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Consideration has also been given to airdropped guided mortar rounds, although such weapons have a smaller guidance footprint than winged missiles. This may force the drone to make a more precise 'canned' attack, flying directly toward the target, with munition release at a precomputed point, according to height-difference.