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county (1991 pop. 1,485,600), 1,525 sq mi (3,950 sq km), SE England. It lies between the Thames estuary and the Strait of Dover. The county town is MaidstoneMaidstone
, city (1991 pop. 86,067), Kent, SE England, on the Medway River. It is a market city with agricultural, paper, printing, quarrying, brewing, and engineering industries. There is evidence of a Roman station.
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, and the county is divided into 12 administrative district: Sevenoaks, Dartford, Gravesham, Tonbridge and Malling, Maidstone, Tunbridge Wells, Swale, Ashford, Canterbury, Shepway, Thanet, and Dover. The Isle of SheppeySheppey, Isle of,
c.30 sq mi (80 sq km), Kent, SE England, at the mouth of the Thames, separated from the mainland by The Swale, a narrow strait. It is largely flat, with wave-eroded cliffs to the north. Vegetables and grain are grown on the fertile soil, and sheep are raised.
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 is separated from the north coast by the narrow Swale channel. The chalky North Downs cross the county from east to west, and to the south lie the fertile Weald and Romney MarshRomney Marsh
, region, c.70 sq mi (180 sq km), Kent, SE England, extending c.9 mi (15 km) inland. A former coastal marsh, the region has been wholly reclaimed to provide fertile pastureland. Romney Marsh sheep are well known.
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. The Medway, the Stour, and the Darent are the chief rivers.

The region, largely agricultural, is a market-gardening center. Crops include fruit, grain, and hops. Sheep and cattle grazing, fishing, and dairying are also prevalent. One of London's "Home Counties," Kent is increasingly important industrially because of the encroachment of the London urban area into its western portion. Since Great Britain's entry into the European Community (now the European Union) in 1973, warehousing has emerged as a growing enterprise. Paper, pottery, brick, cement, chemicals, and beer are manufactured, and there is shipbuilding and oil refining.

Because of its strategic location on the path to the Continent through Dover, Kent has been important throughout English history. Julius Caesar landed at Kent in 55 B.C., and Roman roads crossed the county. In 597, St. Augustine founded a Christian mission near the Canterbury cathedral. Kent was one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. In the Middle Ages many religious houses were established in the old kingdom of Kent, and CanterburyCanterbury,
city (1991 pop. 34,046) and district, Kent, SE England, on the Stour River. Tourism, services, and retail are the city's main industries. There is also some light manufacturing. Canterbury is famous as the long-time spiritual center of England. In 597, St.
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 became the goal of numerous pilgrims such as ChaucerChaucer, Geoffrey
, c.1340–1400, English poet, one of the most important figures in English literature. Life and Career

The known facts of Chaucer's life are fragmentary and are based almost entirely on official records.
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 described in the Canterbury Tales. The region was intimately associated with the rebellions of Wat Tyler, Jack Cade, and Sir Thomas Wyatt. The coast was heavily fortified during the two World Wars. In 1974, Kent was reorganized as a nonmetropolitan county.


1 Industrial city (1990 pop. 28,835), Portage co., NE Ohio; settled in 1805 as Franklin Mills, combined with Carthage and renamed as Kent 1863, inc. as a city 1920. Machinery and processed foods are made there, and there is a liquid-crystal research center. The city is the seat of Kent State Univ.Kent State University,
mainly at Kent, Ohio; coeducational; founded 1910 as a normal school, became Kent State College in 1929, gained university status in 1935. The university's academic programs and research facilities include the Center for Applied Conflict Management, the
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, where four young people were killed by Ohio National Guardsmen during a 1970 protest of the Vietnam War. 2 City (1990 pop. 37,960), King co., W central Wash., near Puget Sound; inc. 1890. Located in a fertile agricultural area, the city has numerous food and dairy processing plants. Manufactures include chemical, metal, paper, and plastic products and electrical and transportation equipment. Kent additionally has a large aerospace industry and is a regional distribution center. The city and its population grew in the 1980s and 90s along with the developing Seattle metropolitan area.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a county in Great Britain, in England, in the Thames basin. Area, 3,900 sq km. Population, 1.4 million (1971). Its administrative center is the city of Maidstone. Kent is an agricultural region that supplies London with fruits, vegetables, and dairy products. It has chemical, paper, cement, and food-processing industry along the Thames, as well as ship-repair yards and military industry.

In the first century, the territory of modern Kent, which had by this time been settled by Celtic tribes, was conquered by the Romans. It became one of the most romanized regions of Britain. With the start of the Anglo-Saxon conquest of Britain in the fifth century, the kingdom of Kent was formed. After 597, Kent became a center for the spread of Christianity in England. The Kentish “law of Aethelberht” (early seventh century) was the first record of Anglo-Saxon laws. At the end of the eighth century Kent became part of the kingdom of Mercia; in 825 it was made part of Wessex. After becoming part of the unified English kingdom in the tenth century, Kent constituted a separate administrative unit, a county. During the Middle Ages, Kent had a large stratum of peasants who were personally free; a money-exchange relationship arose in the countryside rather early. Already in the 13th century, Kent had a large number of peasants with little land. This made the county an important center of peasant movements: the Wat Tyler rebellion of 1381, the Jack Cade rebellion of 1450, and the Thomas Wyatt rebellion of 1554, among others.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a “noble and true-hearted” courtier. [Br. Lit.: King Lear]
See: Loyalty
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


William. ?1685--1748, English architect, landscape gardener, and interior designer


a county of SE England, on the English Channel: the first part of Great Britain to be colonized by the Romans; one of the seven kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England until absorbed by Wessex in the 9th century ad. Apart from the Downs it is mostly low-lying and agricultural, specializing in fruit and hops. The Medway towns of Rochester and Gillingham became an independent unitary authority in 1998. Administrative centre: Maidstone. Pop. (excluding Medway): 1 348 800 (2003 est.). Area (excluding Medway): 3526 sq. km (1361 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005