Winnetka plan

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Winnetka plan:

see progressive educationprogressive education,
movement in American education. Confined to a period between the late 19th and mid-20th cent., the term "progressive education" is generally used to refer only to those educational programs that grew out of the American reform effort known as the
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Winnetka Plan


one of the systems for organizing curricular work in elementary school, the distinguishing feature of which was a combination of individualized instruction of the pupils with certain forms of group work, such as discussions and circles.

The Winnetka Plan originated in the USA during 1919-20. Its creator was C. Washburne, the superintendent of schools in Winnetka, a suburb of Chicago (hence the name “Winnetka”). Under the plan the teacher basically observed the pupils at their studies and rendered assistance when necessary.


Novye sistemy obrazovatel’noi raboty v shkolakh [Zapadnoi] Evropy i Severnoi Ameriki. Edited by S. V. Ivanov and N. N. Iordanskii. Moscow, 1930. Pages 103-14, 128-55.
Billett, R. I. Provisions for Individual Differences, Marking, and Promotion. Washington, D.C., 1933.