Winnetka plan

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Winnetka plan:

see progressive educationprogressive education,
movement in American education. Confined to a period between the late 19th and mid-20th cent., the term "progressive education" is generally used to refer only to those educational programs that grew out of the American reform effort known as the
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Winnetka Plan


one of the systems for organizing curricular work in elementary school, the distinguishing feature of which was a combination of individualized instruction of the pupils with certain forms of group work, such as discussions and circles.

The Winnetka Plan originated in the USA during 1919-20. Its creator was C. Washburne, the superintendent of schools in Winnetka, a suburb of Chicago (hence the name “Winnetka”). Under the plan the teacher basically observed the pupils at their studies and rendered assistance when necessary.


Novye sistemy obrazovatel’noi raboty v shkolakh [Zapadnoi] Evropy i Severnoi Ameriki. Edited by S. V. Ivanov and N. N. Iordanskii. Moscow, 1930. Pages 103-14, 128-55.
Billett, R. I. Provisions for Individual Differences, Marking, and Promotion. Washington, D.C., 1933.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.