Winslow, Charles-Edward

Winslow, Charles-Edward (Amory)

(1877–1957) bacteriologist, public health expert; born in Boston, Mass. A leader in the nascent American public health movement, his career combined roles of researcher, educator, and civil servant. He took an M.S. at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he then taught while heading the sewage experiment station (1899–1910). He taught at the College of the City of New York (1910–14), then joined the faculty of Yale (1915–57). He was also curator of public health at the American Museum of Natural History (1910–22) (where his first exhibit was of giant models of house flies and other insect disease vectors). In 1926 he was president of the American Public Health Association and in the 1950s he served as a consultant to the World Health Organization. In addition to promoting public health and preventive medicine, he advocated national health insurance. An author of more than 600 titles, including Cost of Sickness and the Price of Health (1951), he was the first editor of the Journal of Bacteriology (1916), and editor of the Journal of Public Health (1944–54).
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.