Winter Moth

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Related to Winter Moth: gypsy moth
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Winter Moth


(Operophthera bmmata), a moth of the family Geometridae. The female’s body is 8-10 mm long and brownish gray, with underdeveloped wings having two dark transverse stripes. The male’s wings are developed (wing-span, 20-25 mm) and are yellowish gray or brownish gray with dark wavy transverse lines. Winter moths are found in Europe, Asia (the Asian part of the USSR, Japan), and North America (Canada); in the USSR they are distributed predominantly in the forest and forest-steppe zones.

The winter moth damages leafy varieties of plants. The moths deposit eggs in the autumn on the upper part of the crown. In the spring the caterpillars gnaw the buds, leaves, flower buds, and flowers and form hollows in the gynoecia. They pupate in the soil at the beginning of summer. Methods of protection include treating trees with insecticides in the fall and putting rings of glue on the trunk to prevent the females from crawling up to the crown to deposit their eggs.


Vasil’ev, V. P., and I. Z. Livshits. Vrediteliplodovykh kul’tur. Moscow, 1958.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
From about Thanksgiving through December -- whenever night temperatures have been above freezing -- our headlights have put the spotlight on the region's millions of mating winter moths. On some nights -- even rainy ones -- they've looked like a storm of pretty snowflakes.
coincide with highest population of Winter moth caterpillars.
The population dynamics of the winter moth in Nova Scotia, 1954-1962.
* Fix grease bands around apple trees to control winter moth. * Ripen squashes in the sun before storing.
Two of the most frequently seen are the brown, rather flimsy, male winter moth (the females are almost wingless) and the herald.
Mae brychan y gaeaf (Operophytera brumata; winter moth) yn wyfyn sydd i'w weld yn gyffredin ddiwedd yr hydref a dechrau'r gaeaf, yn arbennig wrth ochr coed neu glawdd a gwrych.
Some of the less showy invaders that the scientists found also are moving northward include the winter moth, which defoliates mountain birch forests, and species of Low Arctic trees and shrubs, which affect the dynamics of trace-gas exchange.
Pale green winter moth caterpillars also invade deciduous trees, fruit trees and roses, damaging blossom and fruitlets.
Consider Europe's winter moth, Operophtera brumata, and the oak tree Quercus robur, which produces the young leaves that are the caterpillar's predominant food.
For example, Roland and Embree (1995) recorded the similar pattern of outbreaks of winter moth, Bruce's spanworm, and fall cankerworm in Nova Scotia Canada, and Klimetzek (1990) described a spatial synchronization of outbreaks of four pine-feeding insects in Germany.
We now safely can introduce Cyzenis albicans, a parasitic fly that specifically eats only winter moth larvae.
Put grease bands around the trunks to help reduce winter moth infestations.