Winter Olympic Games

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Winter Olympic Games


the largest international combined winter sports competition. The Winter Olympic Games take place once every four years, the same year as the regular Olympics. The first Winter Olympics were held in Chamonix, France, in 1924; the second, in Saint Moritz, Switzerland (1928); the third, in Lake Placid, USA (1932); the fourth, in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany (1936); the fifth, in Saint Moritz (1948); the sixth, in Oslo, Norway (1952); the seventh, in Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy (1956); the eighth, in Squaw Valley, California, USA (I960); the ninth, in Innsbruck, Austria (1964); the tenth, in Grenoble, France (1968); and the 11th, in Sapporo, Japan (1972).

The Winter Olympics program, which has undergone several changes during the history of the games, includes competition in the biathlon (individual competitions and 4 x 7.5 km relay races with shooting), Alpine skiing (downhill, slalom, and giant slalom), bobsledding, luge, Nordic skiing (cross-country races, ski jumping, and Nordic combined—a 15-km race and ski jumping), speed skating, figure skating, and ice hockey.

Norwegian and Soviet athletes haye had the greatest successes at the Winter Olympics. Since 1956, Soviet athletes have taken part in all events of the Winter Olympics program, with the exception of bobsledding and, until 1972, luge. At the seventh through llth Winter Olympics, Soviet athletes won 38 gold, 26 silver, and 27 bronze medals. Among the winners at the Winter Olympics have been 91 Soviet athletes, including L. P. Skoblikova (six gold medals) and E. R. Grishin (four gold medals) in speed skating; K. S. Boiarskikh, G. A. Kulakova (three gold medals each) and V. P. Vedenin (two gold medals) in skiing; V. F. Mamatov and A. I. Tikhonov in the biathlon; and L. E. Belousova and O. A. Protopopov in figure skating (two gold medals each). The Soviet ice hockey team has been a four-time Winter Olympics champion; three of those times the team has included the hockey players V. S. Davydov, V. R. Kuz’kin, A. P. Pagulin, and A. V. Firsov; and twice the players V. V. Aleksandrov, V. I. Vikulov, O. A. Zaitsev, V. V. Zimin, V. S. Konovalenko, B. A. Maiorov, E. D. Mishakov, I. A. Romishevskii, and V. I. Starshinov.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Many IOC members remember Kim's exceptional performances in the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. During the presentation, Kim called herself a "living legacy" and asserted that she could sharpen her skating skills in the advanced sports facilities in Korea (PyeongChang 2018, 2014, 22:27).
Caption: A sprawling concrete paver installation connects the Botshoy Ice Dome (top) and Shayba Arena, plus other venues built for the pedestrian-geared XXII Winter Olympic Games.
WITH all eyes turning towards the 21st Winter Olympic Games, held in Vancouver, Canada, viewers are receiving an opportunity to marvel at the country's natural beauty.
How many medals did American Bode Miller win in the 2006 Winter Olympic Games in Turin?
WITH all eyes turned towards the 21st Winter Olympic Games, held in Vancouver, Canada, viewers are receiving an opportunity to marvel at the country's natural beauty.
Summary: Swiss ski jumper Simon Ammann has won the first gold medal of the 2010 Winter Olympic Games.
"There isn't any technical reason which impedes Barcelona from hosting the Winter Olympic Games." No city has ever staged both the summer and winter Games before.
Peter Hopsicker, "No Hebrews Allowed: How the 1932 Lake Placid Winter Olympic Games Survived the 'Restricted' Adirondack Culture, 1877-1932," Journal of Sport History 36, no.
Nortel (OTC: NRTLQ) confirmed today that the deployment of the network structure to support the Vancouver Winter Olympic Games in 2010 is on schedule.
Tugba Karademir of Turkey was ranked the 21st and gained the right to join winter olympic games, Fahrettin Kandemir, the chairman of the Turkish Ice Skating Federation, said.
Russia's state-controlled retail savings bank Sberbank will sponsor the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in the Black Sea resort city of Sochi, RIA Novosti has reported, citing a separate report by business paper Vedomosti.
During the 2002 Winter Olympic Games in Salt Lake City, UT, Sorel was the USDOT liaison for Federal transportation issues and led the effort to build the infrastructure for the event.