winter sports

(redirected from Winter sport)
Also found in: Dictionary, Medical, Wikipedia.

winter sports

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Winter Sports


the collective name for skating, skiing, and sledding sports and games, with competitions held on ice and snow.

Winter sports include the biathlon, a ski race combined with rifle shooting; bobsledding, a high-speed descent on guided all-metal sleds down a special run—an ice-covered chute with a reinforced-concrete foundation; ice boating, a race over ice on boats with sails; Alpine skiing, including downhill, slalom, and giant slalom; skiing, including cross-country races over varying distances, ski jumping, and various Nordic combined events; tobogganing, a descent on specially designed sleds; speed skating, a race on ice skates; figure skating; ice hockey; and bandy. National forms of winter sports also exist, such as races with reindeer, dog-team derbies, and curling. Motor racing on the ice has become popular, for which national and world championships are held.

Winter sports have thrived in Austria, the German Democratic Republic, Italy, Canada, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, the USSR, the USA, Finland, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Czechoslovakia, Switzerland, Sweden, and Japan. World and European championships are held, and in the USSR national and sports societies’ championships as well as Union-republic and trade-union Spartakiads are organized. The Winter Olympic Games have been held since 1924.

The development of winter sports is directed by the corresponding international sports federations: bobsledding and tobogganing, founded in 1923, uniting 17 national federations as of 1970; skiing (1924, 47 national federations as of 1970); skating (1892, 38 national federations as of 1970); the biathlon and modern pentathlon (1957, 22 national federations as of 1970); sledding (1957, 26 national federations as of 1970); ice hockey (1908, 31 national federations as of 1970); and bandy (1954, 7 national federations as of 1970).

Outstanding successes in international official winter sports competition have been achieved by such Soviet athletes as I. G. Artamonova, O. G. Goncharenko, E. R. Grishin, M. G. Isakova, L. P. Skoblikova, and B. A. Shilkov (speed skating); L. V. Baranova, K. S. Boiarskikh, V. P. Vedenin, A. P. Kolchina, P. K. Kolchin, V. S. Kuzin, G. A. Kulakova, and A. S. Oliunina (ski racing); L. E. Belousova and O. A. Protopopov, I. K. Rodnina and A. N. Ulanov, L. A. Pakhomova and A. G. Gorshkov (figure skating); V. P. Belousov and G. lu. Napalkov (ski jumping); V. F. Mamatov, V. M. Melanin, and A. I. Tikhonov (biathlon); and the USSR ice hockey and bandy teams.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
This progress is very encouraging for the long-term future of winter sport, both in China and internationally.' The nationwide promotion of winter sports among the general public, especially with a focus on young people, has led to a major expansion of sports facilities to accommodate the growing demand in China.
ISLAMABAD -- Winter Sports Federation of Pakistan (WSFP) has taken an initiative of providing training to the young boys and girls in various winter sports.
ISLAMABAD -- The Winter Sports Federation of Pakistan (WSFP) organised a three-day figure skating training camp at Safa Gold Mall, Islamabad the other day.
"I think winter sports has an equal amount of potential out there in this country.
A bare brown mountain, with a ribbon of manufactured snow threading down it, is not the pristine snowy wilderness most winter sports fans love.
My favorite winter sport is ice skating because it is fun to glide on the ice.
BANKING AND CREDIT NEWS-January 21, 2014-Sainsbury's Bank research shows one in three people taking winter sports holidays don't take adequate insurance
Stripped of a snowy winter, skiers are not in a hurry to equip themselves with winter sports outfits, thus contributing to a 40 percent winter sports and leisure goods sales plunge, year-on-year.
Since the last Asian Olympics host was in Nagano, Japan in 1998, Pyeongchang approached the voting conference in Durban, South Africa with promises of government support and an up-and-coming prosperous marketplace for winter sports.
Berlin Franz Klammer, the legendary Austrian downhill skier, is putting Winter Olympic champion gold medallist Lindsey Vonn's (USA) name forward for top honours in the hope winter sports will get more recognition at the forthcoming Laureus Sports Awards in Abu Dhabi on February 7, 2011.
A large number of local youth had participated in the camp for which technical support and equipment were provided by Pakistan Winter Sport Federation (PWSF), he said.
SNOGO is counting the days until their launch on Kickstarter on November 10th, 2015 and encouraging all winter sport lovers to support their campaign.