Wisdom of Solomon


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Wisdom of Solomon

or

Wisdom,

early Jewish book included in the SeptuagintSeptuagint
[Lat.,=70], oldest extant Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible made by Hellenistic Jews, possibly from Alexandria, c.250 B.C. Legend, according to the fictional letter of Aristeas, records that it was done in 72 days by 72 translators for Ptolemy Philadelphus, which
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 and the VulgateVulgate
[Lat. Vulgata editio=common edition], most ancient extant version of the whole Christian Bible. Its name derives from a 13th-century reference to it as the "editio vulgata." The official Latin version of the Roman Catholic Church, it was prepared c.A.D.
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 but not in the Hebrew Bible. The book opens with an exhortation to seek wisdom, followed by a statement on worldly attitudes. Chapter 3 is an eloquent passage on the immortality of the just and the rewards of the wicked, amplified in the next chapters. Then follows another exhortation and a transition to a section praising wisdom, ending with a prayer for it. The remainder of the book is a history of God's care of the Jews from the beginning, with a long parenthesis on the natural origin of idolatry and its folly. The style and content of the book lend themselves to quotation; for example, St. PaulPaul, Saint,
d. A.D. 64? or 67?, the apostle to the Gentiles, b. Tarsus, Asia Minor. He was a Jew. His father was a Roman citizen, probably of some means, and Paul was a tentmaker by trade. His Jewish name was Saul.
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's letters allude to passages from Wisdom. The book is probably of Alexandrian Jewish authorship—most scholars place the date in the two centuries before Jesus. Some see in it a composite work of three parts: chapters 1–6, 7–9, and 10–19, of which the third is said to resemble a PassoverPassover,
in Judaism, one of the most important and elaborate of religious festivals. Its celebration begins on the evening of the 14th of Nisan (first month of the religious calendar, corresponding to March–April) and lasts seven days in Israel, eight days in the Diaspora
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 Haggada. It is the paragon of what is called wisdom literature, a term for the Jewish philosophical writings of the pre-Christian era. The following books of the Hebrew Bible also represent this type: Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Sirach.

Bibliography

See D. Winston, The Wisdom of Solomon (1979). See also under Old Testament ApocryphaApocrypha
[Gr.,=hidden things], term signifying a collection of early Jewish writings excluded from the canon of the Hebrew scriptures. It is not clear why the term was chosen.
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.

References in periodicals archive ?
(12) The equivalence between musar and paideia also appears between the Greek version and Hebrew fragments of the Book of Ben Sira as well as in the pseudepigraphic work known as the Wisdom of Solomon, both Second Temple period wisdom texts evincing strong Greco-Roman influence.
Of course, there are Semitic uses of a concept like "Word" or "Word of God" that appear in the Old Testament, and some have linked a description of the destroying angel of Exodus who bears God's judgment as the "word of God" to the book of Revelation and the Wisdom of Solomon.
But looking back, with none of the wisdom of Solomon, we all seem to do more harm than good.
Concentrating on the figure of Wisdom in Proverbs, the Song of Solomon, the deutero-canonical Ecclesiasticus and the Wisdom of Solomon, and, as well, on the figure of Mary in Luke and of Ecclesia in the Pauline epistles, this study examines crucial texts in the writings of Donne, Lanyer, and Milton as each "portrays the feminine as a reflection of the divine, and woman ...
They--and we--need the wisdom of Solomon to resolve this divisive dilemma.
"The Wisdom of Solomon: A Soloman Lapp and Friends Amish Storybook" tells the story of young Solomon and Sara Lapp as they deal with the stress and challenges of everyday Amish life.
President Bush, showing something less than the wisdom of Solomon, tried to split the difference by funding research on existing stem-cell lines.
How to continue high-quality care to the more than 90% of qualified veterans while providing trained, personalized care to that percent needing specialized services will require the wisdom of Solomon. We believe Secretary Shinseki has the ability to do these things.
Sirach 24:1-12; Wisdom of Solomon 10:15-21; Ephesians 1:3-14; John 1:1-18
If they go out of business in the next week or so it will take the wisdom of Solomon to come up with some emergency plan to finish the season.
Rex educates and speaks so much sense, and he has the wisdom of Solomon.
The wisdom of Solomon is that she knows how to present her considerable talent and engaging personality in just the right way to entertain a cabaret audience.