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the period a drug addict goes through following abrupt termination in the use of narcotics, usually characterized by physical and mental symptoms (withdrawal symptoms)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



troop actions undertaken in order to lead units away from enemy strikes and to occupy favorable lines for defense, to conduct a counterattack, to shorten the front, or to gain time.

A withdrawal may be accompanied by a disengagement or be carried out deliberately without contact with the enemy. A withdrawal accompanied by a disengagement is carried out under the cover of specially assigned subunits, which, by actively engaging the enemy, ensure the secrecy and successful execution of the withdrawal. A withdrawal of the main forces is covered by rear guards and rear and flank march security detachments, as well as by laying ambushes, setting up obstacles, and carrying out demolition work. A withdrawal may be executed only by order of a senior commander.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
(6) SSRIs, although generally well tolerated by pregnant women, should gradually be discontinued, as abrupt cessation can induce a SSRI withdrawal syndrome. This can include dizziness, anxiety, sleep disturbances, agitation, tremor, nausea, sweating and confusion.
A search of the 2001 AERS reports identified 57 cases of possible neonatal withdrawal syndrome that met the FDA's case definition: maternal SRI use up to the time of delivery; symptoms that could not be attributed to another cause, with an onset hours to days after delivery, which resolved in days or weeks; or a case that was reported specifically as SRI withdrawal.
From the data gathered, the team looks for clues that might identify the patient for risk of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. For example, a patient with a history of previous alcohol withdrawal and alcohol withdrawal-related seizures would be at high risk for alcohol withdrawal.
social treatment of alcohol withdrawal syndrome. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39(5):791-803, 1983.
The authors confirm that, in normal adults, abruptly ceasing the daily consumption of caffeine results in a clinically relevant withdrawal syndrome. Half the subjects had moderate or severe headaches.
These complications include alcohol withdrawal syndrome in the form of delirium tremens which is characterized by a state of intense acute withdrawal state in the form of mental confusion, diaphoresis, agitation, fluctuating levels of consciousness, visual and auditory hallucinations associated with tremors and autonomic activity!4) Alcohol withdrawal seizures occur within 48 hours of alcohol cessation and occur either as a single generalized tonic-clonic seizure or a brief episode of multiple seizures usually with a normal EEG record!5) In alcohol hallucinosis the patients have transient visual, auditory or tactile hallucination, but are otherwise clear.
Nicotine withdrawal syndrome (NWS) is considered an important component of tobacco dependence (Baker, Piper, McCarthy, Majeskie, & Fiore, 2004; Hughes, Higgins, & Hatsukami, 1990).
When someone stops from smoking he/she might suffer from a physical and emotional withdrawal syndrome. It's the body adjusting to not having nicotine.
In an attempt to go beyond maternal addiction and to address iatrogenic withdrawal syndrome, the Opioid Benzodiazepine Withdrawal Score (OBWS) was developed.