Witkiewicz, Stanislaw Ignacy

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Witkiewicz, Stanislaw Ignacy

 

(pseudonym, Witkacy). Born Feb. 24, 1885, in Kraküw; died Sept. 18, 1939, in Jeziory near Pabrowice. Polish writer.

Witkiewicz began publishing in 1919 and was a representative of the Polish literary avant-garde. He is the author of more than 30 plays, in which reality is grotesquely deformed and which closely approach the “theater of the absurd.” Witkiewicz also wrote the novels Farewell to Autumn (1927) and Insatiability (1930), depicting in abstract, Utopian form the drama of mankind and the fall of civilization. In his philosophical works on painting and the theater Witkiewicz proclaimed the cult of “pure form,” independent of content. Witkiewicz committed suicide during the invasion by Hitler’s army.

WORKS

Nienasycenie: Powieśćc, vols. 1-2. Warsaw, 1957.
Nowe formy w malarstwie i inne pisma estetyczne. [Warsaw] 1959.
Dramaty, vols. 1-2. Warsaw, 1962.

REFERENCES

Stanistaw Ignacy Witkiewicz: Cztoweik i twórca. [Warsaw, 1957.]
Kłossowitz, I. “Samotność i uniwersalism Witkiewicza.” In Z problemów literatury polskiej XX wieku, vol. 2. Warsaw, 1965.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.