Wolfowitz, Paul Dundes

Wolfowitz, Paul Dundes

1943–, American political figure, b. Brooklyn, N.Y., grad. Cornell (B.A. 1965), Univ. of Chicago (Ph.D. 1972). In 1966 he entered government service, and worked for the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (1973–77) and as deputy assistant secretary of defense (1977–80). During the Reagan years, he became a Republican neoconservative and served as assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs (1983–86) and ambassador to Indonesia (1986–89). Under President George H. W. BushBush, George Herbert Walker,
1924–2018, 41st President of the United States (1989–93), b. Milton, Mass., B.A., Yale Univ., 1948. Career in Business and Government
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, Wolfowitz was undersecretary for defense policy (1989–93) and was involved in strategic planning during the first Persian Gulf WarPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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. He left government in 1993 to become dean of the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, but returned to the Pentagon under President George W. BushBush, George Walker,
1946–, 43d President of the United States (2001–9), b. New Haven, Conn. The eldest son of President George H. W. Bush, he was was raised in Texas and, like his father, attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Mass., and Yale, graduating in 1968.
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 as deputy secretary of defense (2001–5), serving as an important adviser to Defense Secretary Donald RumsfeldRumsfeld, Donald Henry,
1932–, American government official, b. Chicago, grad. Princeton (B.A.). A Republican with a reputation as a skilled political infighter, he was a congressman from Illinois from 1963 to 1969, when he resigned to become director of the Office of
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. After the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the United States, the hawkish Wolfowitz actively supported the "war on terror" and was a key proponent of preemptive strikes and unilateral military action against Iraq. From 2005 to 2007 he became president of the International Bank for Reconstruction and DevelopmentInternational Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD)
(IBRD), independent specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters at Washington, D.C.; one of five closely associated development institutions (also including the International Center for Settlement of
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 (World Bank), where he promoted debt relief for poor nations and sought to reduce the misuse of World Bank loans by corrupt government officials. His appointment, however, was controversial because of his role in the G. W. Bush administration and because of his noncollegial managerial style at the World Bank, and when it was revealed that he had mishandled aspects of the transfer of his girlfriend from the Bank to the U.S. State Dept., he lacked sufficient support within the Bank to weather the calls for his resignation. In 2008 he became chairman of the U.S.-Taiwan Business Council.

Bibliography

See L. Crane, Wolfowitz on Point (2003).

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