Wollemi pine


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Wollemi pine

(wŏl`əmī'), primitive tree, Wollemia nobilis, of the conifer family Araucariaceae, named after Wollemi National Park in New South Wales, Australia, where it was discovered in 1994. Anciently widespread on the supercontinent of Gondwanaland (see plate tectonicsplate tectonics,
theory that unifies many of the features and characteristics of continental drift and seafloor spreading into a coherent model and has revolutionized geologists' understanding of continents, ocean basins, mountains, and earth history.
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), the species was thought to have become extinct at the end of the Cretaceous period (approximately 65 million years ago). Not a true pinepine,
common name for members of the Pinaceae, a family of resinous woody trees with needlelike, usually evergreen leaves. The Pinaceae reproduce by means of cones (see cone) rather than flowers and many have winged seeds, suitable for wind distribution.
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, the tree has unusual pale green, fernlike leaves, bright green female cones and brown male cones, and dark brown, corklike bark with a bubbly appearance, and can reach 130 ft (40 m) in height. With fewer than 100 mature trees in two known stands, it is one of the rarest wild plants on earth. To guard against unscrupulous commercial exploitation, the state of New South Wales has trademarked the name, limited access to the wild trees, and developed stock for the nursery market.
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References in periodicals archive ?
So botanists started trying to breed the wollemi pine, which can survive in hot and cold climates.
Ness Gardens curator Paul Cook and director Kevin Reid, with the Duke of Gloucester and the Wollemi pine tree Picture: VICTORIA TETLEY/ vt100708ness-005
Wollemi pines don't compete well against other tree species and are difficult to grow under modern climatic conditions, says Murch.
"The aim is to spread Wollemi Pines around botanic gardens and similar organisations throughout the world to guard against extinction," said Lee.
The Wollemi Pine is currently a key attraction at a major floriculture exhibition in Japan, marking the first time the ancient tree species is on display at an exhibit outside Australia.
At the time, Professor Carrick Chambers of the Sydney Royal Botanical Gardens said: "The discovery of the Wollemi Pine is the equivalent of finding a small dinosaur still alive on Earth."
The Wollemi Pine was initially discovered in 1994 located in an undisclosed part of the Wollemi National Park west of Sydney, Australia.
Assistant Gardener, Rosie Barratt at Bangor University''s Treborth Botanic Garden with a rare Wollemi pine and (inset) the tree in the Australian canyon
It is found by field edges in Wales, West England and Scotland Encephalartos altensteinii Found along the Eastern Cape, South Africa, where numbers have declined more than 30% in 50 years Wollemi Pine (Wollemia Nobilis) was found in 1994 in Wollemi National Park, Australia.
According to a report in The Sydney Morning Herald, the seedlings of the golden wattle, waratah, flannel flower and wollemi pine accompanied NASA astronaut Dr Gregory Chamitoff on his six-month space odyssey.
He has also enjoyed notable success in Canada this season as the sire of Northern Kraze, successful in theWonder Where Stakes at Woodbine in July, and Wollemi Pine, who ran third in the Grade 2 Play The King Handicap last month.
The Wollemi Grove will feature one of the worldCOs rarest trees, the Wollemi Pine. Previously known only through fossil records, the Wollemi Pine was re-discovered in 1994, deep within the neighbouring Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area.