Woman's Christian Temperance Union

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Woman's Christian Temperance Union

(WCTU), organization that seeks to upgrade moral life, especially through abstinence from alcohol. The National WCTU of the United States was founded (1874) in Cleveland, Ohio, as a result of the Woman's Temperance Crusade that spread through the Midwest at that time. Frances WillardWillard, Frances Elizabeth,
1839–98, American temperance leader and reformer, b. Churchville, N.Y., grad. Northwestern Female College, 1859. She was president of Evanston College for Ladies and dean of women at Northwestern Univ.
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, the group's second president (1879–98), was responsible for the organization (1883) of the World WCTU. The organization has worked for public education against the use of alcohol and for legislation to prohibit its sale. It has also supported research and education concerning tobacco, narcotics, and other potentially dangerous drugs. The National WCTU currently has 5,000 members. Its official organ is the weekly Union Signal.
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Woman’s Christian Temperance Union

society of militant housewives against drinking (20th century). [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 357]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
THE WAY WE WERE: Women's Christian Temperance Union members raid their local bar in the Forties
Another powerful temperance organization that boasted many social work members and worked closely with the field in temperance efforts was the Women's Christian Temperance Union, generally known by its acronym as the WCTU, which became a major force for temperance activity throughout the country prior to the 1920s (Gusfield, 1986).
It is the site of several monuments, a water fountain given to the city in 1903 by the Women's Christian Temperance Union, a brick walkway dedicated to servicemen and women of Leominster and the Bisceglia Bandstand.
Among the 19th Century books is 'The Temperance Cookery Book' published by the Women's Christian Temperance Union in 1896 to provide recipes that could be prepared without alcohol.
Despite opposition from the Catholic Church and the Women's Christian Temperance Union to women's tobacco consumption, by the interwar years female cigarette smokers had become more publicly visible.
Children's Bureau (the first federal agency headed by a woman), Margaret Sanger's role in advocating for women's right of access to birth control information, the public relations tactics of the Women's Christian Temperance Union under Frances Willard, the anti- lynching writing campaign of Ida B.
Interestingly, Endres chooses to describe the histories of the Young Women's Christian Association (YMCA) and the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) in the chapter devoted to secular concerns, although these organizations are by name religiously-affiliated.
The remaining four chapters are each explicitly organized around analysis of how one anti-vice crusade operated as a racial project--as sponsored by the Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU), or by other reformers in Chicago, New York City, or San Francisco.
In their wake came the Women's Christian Temperance Union, the Daughters of England, the Daughters of Scotland, and the Imperial Order of Daughters of the Empire.
The religious motives and contributions of women as diverse as Mary Bynon Reese, who worked at a grass roots level among loggers in the Pacific Northwest to spread the work of the Women's Christian Temperance Union; Dorothy Day, the radical Catholic activist who worked directly with the urban poor in Catholic Worker houses of hospitality; Mary Richmond, prominent in the development of social work; and late twentieth century African American activists Faye Waddleton, prominent in women's health advocacy and Marion Wright Edleman of the Children's Defense Fund, are examined.
is a superbly researched, in-depth assemblage of information on women's role in everything from the socialist party to the Women's Christian Temperance Union in Indian Territory to the KKK.
There were Labor Party and/or union activist women, such as Emma Miller, evangelical humanists from the Women's Christian Temperance Union, and woman identified reformists with strong reservations about the help that could be expected from male-dominated organisations.

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