Wood, Grant

Wood, Grant,

1891–1942, American painter, b. Anamosa, Iowa, studied Art Institute of Chicago and in Paris. He experimented with an impressionist style in Paris, but in Munich in 1928 he was decisively influenced by German and Flemish primitive painters, MemlingMemling or Memlinc, Hans
, c.1430–1494, Flemish religious and portrait painter, b. Germany. He may have studied with Roger van der Weyden in Brussels, but after 1466 he was in Bruges, working for Flemish patrons
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 in particular. In the 1930s, he created his "American scene" works, in which stern people and stylized magic-realist landscapes offer rigid, decorative images of the rural Midwest. Behind Wood's apparent folksy simplicity, however, often lie suggestions of darkness and sexuality. His American Gothic (1930, Art Inst., Chicago) and Daughters of Revolution (1932, Whitney Museum of American Art, N.Y.C.) have been reproduced many times; other works include Stone City (Joslyn Art Mus., Omaha, Nebr.), Dinner for Threshers (1934, Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco), and a series of murals at Iowa State Univ. Wood was also a silversmith, printmaker, stained-glass artist (e.g., Veterans' Memorial Building, Cedar Rapids, Iowa), sculptor, ceramicist, interior designer, and stage designer. He taught (1934–41) at Iowa State and was director of WPA art projects in Iowa.

Bibliography

See museum catalogs by W. M. Corn (1985), J. M. Dennis et al. (1995), and B. Haskell and G. Adamson (2018); memoir by his sister, N. Wood Graham (1993); biographies by D. Garwood (1944) and R. T. Evans (2010); J. C. Milosch et al., Grant Wood's Studio (2005).

Wood, Grant

(1892–1942) painter; born in Anamosa, Iowa. After working as a farmer, silversmith, and designer, he made four trips to Europe in the 1920s where he was exposed to the late medieval primitive painting style that would later influence his work. He settled back in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, becoming a painter who captured the idiosyncratic aspects of the people and landscape there, thus becoming a founder of the so-called regional movement. His most famous works, such as American Gothic (1930) and Daughters of Revolution (1932), are characterized by a flat, almost abstract surface and ironic subtext. From 1934 on, he taught painting at the University of Iowa.
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GLENAVON.- Addis; O'Connor, Glendinning, Smith, Spiers, Davidson, Murphy, Livingstone, Wood, Grant, McCann.
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GLENAVON:Addis, O''Connor, Glendinning, Smith, Spiers, Davidson, Murphy, Livingstone, Wood, Grant, McCann.