Wood Buffalo National Park

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Wood Buffalo National Park,

17,577 sq mi (45,525 sq km), in NE Alta., Canada, extending into the Northwest Territories; est. 1922 to protect the only remaining herd of wood bison. It lies between Lake Athabasca and Great Slave Lake and is crossed by the Peace River. A vast, unfenced region of forests, plains, and lakes, it is the largest game preserve in North America, containing bison, bear, beaver, caribou, moose, and varied waterfowl, including whooping cranes, which nest there. Neighboring provincial wildland parks in Alberta protect an additional contiguous 4,250 sq mi (11,000 sq km).

Wood Buffalo National Park

Address:PO Box 750
Fort Smith, NT X0E0P0

Web: www.pc.gc.ca/pn-np/nt/woodbuffalo
Size: 44,792 sq. km.
Established: 1922.
Location:Park straddles the Alberta-Northwest Territories border. It may be reached from two communities: Fort Smith (NWT) and Fort Chipewyan (Alberta). The park headquarters in Fort Smith has year-round road access via the MacKenzie Highway and NT Highway 5. There is no all-weather road access to Fort Chipewyan; access is by air only.
Facilities:Visitor centers (Fort Chipewyan and Fort Smith), hiking trails, frontcountry campground and group camp (Pine Lake, @di), backcountry campsites (Rainbow Lakes and Sweetgrass), interpretive exhibits (é), educational programs.
Activities:Camping, hiking, swimming, boating, canoeing, fishing, wildlife viewing, birdwatching, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing.
Special Features:Canada's largest national park was originally established to protect the last remaining herds of wood bison in northern Canada. Today it is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site that protects one of the largest free-roaming, self-regulating bison herds in the world and provides the last remaining natural nesting area for the endangered whooping crane. The Peace-Athabasca Delta is one of the largest inland freshwater deltas in the world and a major nesting and staging area for migratory waterfowl in North America. Migratory waterfowl from all four North American flyways pass through the delta in the spring and fall. Archeological evidence shows that aboriginal people have inhabited the Wood Buffalo region for more than 8,000 years.

See other parks in Northwest Territories.
References in periodicals archive ?
In July 2017, the World Heritage Committee requested that Canada develop a structured and adequately funded response to improve the state of conservation of Wood Buffalo National Park World Heritage Site.
Scientists placed whooping crane eggs collected from Wood Buffalo National Park and from the captive flock at Patuxent WRC in sandhill crane (Grus canadensis) nests at Gray's Lake nWr.
Once the visit and assessments are complete, UNESCO will consider listing Wood Buffalo National Park as a World Heritage Site In Danger at next year's convention in Turkey.
For example, the creation of Wood Buffalo National Park sharply limited the local, largely Aboriginal, community's capacity to manage and use the land and its resources, and thus eroded the sort of local control of the means of production that had helped make the earlier fur trade economy so stable and socially inclusive.
LEADER OF THE PACK NATURAL WORLD: A WOLF CALLED STORM BBC2, 9pm THE wolves and buffalo of Wood Buffalo National Park in Canada featured in David Attenborough's Frozen Planet series.
At the trial of three Cree hunters accused of bison poaching in Wood Buffalo National Park in 1926, the chiefs rejected the hunting regulations on the basis of ancestral rights and the assurances they had been given under treaty.
Biologists credit the increase to mild weather at the cranes' nesting grounds in Wood Buffalo National Park in northern Canada's boreal forest.
The Canadian Wildlife Service reported that 62 nesting pairs fledged a record 49 chicks on their nesting grounds in Wood Buffalo National Park, Canada.
Their challenge-ridden migration route extends from Wood Buffalo National Park in the Northwest Territories to the Aransas Preserve along the Gulf Coast.
Wood Buffalo National Park is another hiking hotspot, boasting such varied options as short easy loops, a backcountry trail that leads to the historic Sweetgrass Station bison corral, and a Myers Lake route that calls for some canoeing as well as hiking.
The largest population of 6,000 grizzlies is in Wood Buffalo National Park on the Alberta border.
VISITORS TRAVELLING in the back country of Wood Buffalo National Park during winter are just as likely to witness a snowmobile hauling a load of furs as they are to see a moose or bison.