(in Russian, sokha), a tillage tool. The wooden plow was used beginning in the late fourth or early third millennium B.C. in Egypt, Mesopotamia, and the Mediterranean (Crete). In the Middle Ages it was used extensively by many Eurasian peoples. It was at first made entirely of wood, but iron shares were later added.
The sokha (Russian plow) is mentioned in Russian sources beginning only in the 14th century, but the implement existed much earlier, as shown by findings of iron shares dating from the seventh and eighth centuries. Sokhi with two stilts were the most frequently used. The sokha differed from plowlike implements in that its moldboard did not invert the soil and that it had no footrest.
The use of the wooden plow leads to very low productivity and low-quality tillage. The wooden plow is still used by some peoples of Southwest and Southeast Asia.
The use of the sokha was discontinued in the USSR in the 1920’s.