Woodland


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Woodland,

city (1990 pop. 39,802), seat of Yolo co., N central Calif., in a fertile farm area yielding tomatoes, wheat, rice, beans, vegetables, walnuts, almonds, melons, safflower, and sugar beets; inc. 1871. It is a growing manufacturing center with numerous plants for vegetables canning, rice milling, and beet-sugar refining, as well as related warehousing operations. Wine is made in the area. Woodland has many historic homes and is the site of a state historical farm.

Woodland

 

the name for the most recent of three great archaeologically established periods in the history of the ancient population in the eastern regions of North America (Lithic, or Paleo-Indian, approximately 11th to fifth millennium B.C.; Archaic, fifth to first millennium B.C.; and Wood-land, first millennium B.C. to the 16th century A.D.). Three stages are traced in the Woodland period. Early Woodland (first millennium B.C.) is characterized by the retention of hunting, fishing, and gathering as the primary modes of subsistence. These traditional forms of economy continued to develop on the fringes of the Woodland geographical area at even later stages of the Woodland stage. Farming developed during the Middle Woodland (first millennium B.C. to about the middle of the first millennium A.D.). Centers of a developed agricultural society (the so-called Hope well culture), typified by large settled populations and fortified earthen mounds, arose in the Mississippi, Ohio, and Illinois river valleys during the third century A.D. Metalworking with copper, silver, and meteoric iron and the production of ceramics developed. The complexity of the funeral ceremonies (large burial mounds) points to the existence of social differentiation. Early prototypes of cities with earthen mounds encircling the sites of the fortified towns sprang up in the Mississippi Valley on the basis of an agricultural economy during the Late Woodland stage (fifth to 16th centuries A.D.). Large pyramidal mounds of earth topped with temples were typical. The craftsmanship in artistic metalworking and ceramics attained an extraordinarily high level. These cultural centers ceased to exist during the first century of the European colonization of North America.

REFERENCES

Griffin, J. B., ed. Archaeology of the Eastern United States. [Chicago] 1952.
Ritchie, W. A. The Archaeology of New York State. New York, 1965.

LU. P. AVERKIEVA

woodland

[′wu̇d·lənd]

woodland

A tract of land dominated by trees but often containing shrubs and other vegetation as well.

woodland

a. land that is mostly covered with woods or dense growths of trees and shrubs
b. (as modifier): woodland fauna
References in periodicals archive ?
Judge Mary Larkin refused bail to brothers Patrick and John Woodland and remanded them in custody to appear via videolink at Ennis District Court on Wednesday.
Some 19 breeding pairs have been reintroduced to an undisclosed woodland near Leamington Spa by a team led by the People's Trust for Endangered Species and Warwickshire Wildlife Trust.
The project, which will include woodland next to Scammonden and Butterley reservoirs, is being led by Pennine Prospects with support from Yorkshire Water which is a major landowner in the South Pennines with 300 hectares of woodland.
Based in Kidderminster, Woodland Ways specialises in managing small woodlands for both councils and private estates.
We are looking for volunteers with a knowledge of trees and past experience of woodland creation who would be able to answer questions over the telephone or by email, build relationships with contacts, and in some cases, visit planting sites to offer guidance.
These volunteers will inspire, advise and support individuals, landowners, schools and community groups interested in planting trees and creating new woodland in the region.
The tree management work is the third phase of a Woodland Management Programme to rejuvenate the heritage woodlands and riverbanks around the Durham Peninsula.
Among them is a special award, Woodland Creation Excellence, being sponsored by Natural Resources Wales (NRW) for woodlands between one and 10 years old.
When the situation is demanding you to remain updated with the trends, Woodland has done a great job by precisely bringing up fabulous shoes in some striking tints and tones.
The new Woodland 20 target also offers six-sided shooting, featuring more than 40 target zones for honing and perfecting aim.
It showed that Wales now has 95,000ha of ancient woodland - more than 50% since the last survey eight years ago when 62,000ha was identified.
Around 30 walkers joined woodland officer Gary Haley and other Woodland Trust staff to explore White Hill Wood, following a meeting at Elemore Family Golfing Centre where locals got the chance to tell the Trust what they would like to see on the new site and how Elemore and White Hill Woods should be managed.