Woolly Rhinoceros


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Woolly Rhinoceros

 

(Coelodonta antiquitatis), an extinct odd-toed ungulate of the family Rhinocerotidae. The woolly rhinoceros was larger than modern rhinoceroses (its height at the shoulders was more than 2 m), and it was covered with thick, woolly hair. The body was massive, with a fatty hump on the neck and two horns on the head—one on the nose (up to 1 m long) and one farther back on the forehead (significantly shorter). The woolly rhinoceros and the mammoth inhabited the tundra and forest tundra, feeding on grasses, pine needles, shrubs, and the shoots of young trees. In the late Pleistocene epoch the woolly rhinoceros was distributed throughout Europe (with the exception of the extreme southern areas) and northern Asia. In the permafrost mountain rocks of Eastern Siberia, bones and even carcasses of woolly rhinoceroses have been found, covered with dark brown fur. Two carcasses without hair were found in the western Ukraine in clayey sands saturated with oil. Late Stone Age man hunted the woolly rhinoceros. Rock paintings of the animal have been preserved.

REFERENCE

Gekker, R. F. Razvitie zhizni na zemle: Al’bom nagliadnykh posobii. Moscow, 1947.

B. A. TROFIMOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
These spongiosa pieces are most comparable to the bone spongiosa of the woolly rhinoceros, but might also refer to other megamammals.
The bones of the woolly rhinoceros are extremely massive, and, in contrast to nearly all other large mammal bones, completely filled with the spongiosa.
Isolated teeth of woolly rhinoceros are typically at hyena den sites (e.g., [10]).
Abundant are hyena coprolites (mainly encrusted by caliche), which contain fragments of bones, and most probably quite abundant bone spongiosa fragments from woolly rhinoceros bones.
But now artefacts from around 30,000 years old, including spear shafts made of woolly rhinoceros horn and mammoth tusk, have been found in northern Siberia.
The woolly rhinoceros (Rhinoceros tichorhinus), endemic to Europe and also adapted to the glacial cold, lived at the same time as the mammoth and, for that reason, also appears in cave-paintings.
At Klagenfurt, in southern Austria, in about 1335, the skull of a woolly rhinoceros was found that, for many centuries, was thought to be a monster with all the characteristics of classical dragons.
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Others, such as the woolly mammoth and the woolly rhinoceros weren't so lucky", specified the palaeontologist.
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