Greenwich

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Greenwich

, borough, Greater London, England

Greenwich (grĭnˈīj, grĕnˈ–), inner borough (1991 pop. 200,800) of Greater London, SE England, on the Thames River. The borough, which is treated as an outer borough for statistical purposes, includes most of Woolwich, which was merged with Greenwich in 1965; North Woolwich, on the north side of the Thames, was incorporated into Newham. In 2012 Greenwich became a royal borough. Manufactures include telephone equipment and underwater cable.

The system of geographic longitude and time-keeping worked out at the famous Royal Observatory there have become standard in most countries of the world; the prime meridian, or long. 0°, passes through the observatory. In the 20th cent., the functions of the observatory were transferred to first to Herstmonceux, Sussex (1948–57), and later to Cambridge (1990; closed 1998). The observatory site in Greenwich subsequently functioned as museum and science center; in 2018, however, modern telescopic instruments were installed in a building there. (See also Royal Greenwich Observatory.)

Greenwich has nearly 9 mi (14.5 km) of river frontage; the huge Millennium Dome, constructed to celebrate the year 2000, is on the waterfront. Woolwich's docks and shipbuilding facilities were important from the 16th to the mid-19th cent. The Royal Naval College also was in the borough. The college building, partially designed by Christopher Wren, was originally a home for disabled sailors. On the site of the present structure (begun in the late 17th cent.) stood a palace that was the birthplace of Henry VIII, Mary I, and Elizabeth I; Edward VI died there. The grounds are now part of the Univ. of Greenwich. Greenwich's National Maritime Museum is partly housed in a building designed by Inigo Jones for Anne of Denmark. The Royal Military Academy was at Woolwich until 1947, when it merged with the Royal Military College at Sandhurst. Both Greenwich and Woolwich are mentioned in documents dating from the 10th cent. and appear in the Domesday Book.


Greenwich

, town, United States
Greenwich (grĕnˈĭch), residential town (1990 pop. 58,441), Fairfield co., SW Conn., on the Mianus and Byram rivers and Long Island Sound; settled 1640, inc. 1955. This attractive suburban community is noted as the home of many New York City executives. The town is located near an active and growing business community and contains many corporate headquarters. Greenwich was long inhabited by farmers and oystermen. In the American Revolution it was plundered (1779) by the British; a house (built 1731) from which Gen. Israel Putnam supposedly made a dramatic escape is still preserved. In the late 19th cent., Greenwich began to attract artists and summer residents. Comprised of numerous villages (including Greenwich, Riverside, Quaker Ridge, Old Greenwich, and Cos Cob), it has over 32 mi (52 km) of shoreline on Long Island Sound, with many harbors, beaches, and small islands. Of interest are the Bruce Museum and the Audubon Center.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Greenwich

 

since 1964, a metropolitan district of the borough of Greater London, England. Population, 226,000 (1970). It is famous for its astronomical observatory. The National Naval Museum is located in Greenwich.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Greenwich

a Greater London borough on the Thames: site of a Royal Naval College and of the original Royal Observatory designed by Christopher Wren (1675), accepted internationally as the prime meridian of longitude since 1884, and the basis of Greenwich Mean Time; also site of the Millennium Dome. Pop.: 223 700 (2003 est.). Area: 46 sq. km (18 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in classic literature ?
Guns were in rapid transit from Windsor, Portsmouth, Aldershot, Woolwich-- even from the north; among others, long wire-guns of ninety- five tons from Woolwich. Altogether one hundred and sixteen were in position or being hastily placed, chiefly covering Lon- don.
The systematic arrangement of wide convenient spaces, the quantities of business-like soldiers everywhere, the occasional neat piles of material, the ubiquitous mono-rail lines, and the towering ship-like hulls about him, reminded him a little of impressions he had got as a boy on a visit to Woolwich Dockyard.
Summary: The high-speed pod is expected to have similar effects on Dubai and Abu Dhabi property prices as the Crossrail has had on Woolwich in London
M2 EQUITYBITES-February 9, 2018-British Land Acquires the Woolwich Estate in South East London for GBP 103m
Woolwich, United Kingdom, June 24, 2016 --(PR.com)-- Wellshine Woolwich is now able to provide oven cleaning and deep cleaning in your home.
AMONG the fledgling big boys that Ironopolis faced in in 1893-94 were Liverpool, Newcastle, an Arsenal side still based South of the river at Woolwich, Ardwick, now Manchester City, and Small Heath, now Birmingham.
Left-wing groups clash frequently with the EDL at public events and tensions rose still higher after army soldier Lee Rigby was murdered (https://www.google.com/url?q=http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/articles/473269/20130531/drummer-lee-rigby-inquest-woolwich-attack-dental.htm&sa=U&ei=Wjb5UfC-O8bcsgbc44HIDQ&ved=0CAoQFjAB&client=internal-uds-cse&usg=AFQjCNFooAHWEoogE-9v3jqjDk25tB88Vw) by two suspected Muslim extemists in Woolwich, south London.
Professor Nigel Copsey of Teesside University, the author of the report, which showed that between 40 and 60 percent of mosques and other Islamic centers (totaling around 700) had been targeted since 9/11, said: "There has undoubtedly been a spike in anti-Muslim incidents since the Woolwich murder.
EDL leader Tommy Robinson and his co-leader Kevin Carroll were detained by police on suspicion of obstructing officers in east London as they attempted to stage what they claimed was a charity walk to Woolwich Barracks via the East London Mosque.
According to the Independent, the number of anti-Islamic attacks has increased by tenfold in the days following the Woolwich attack with mosques being set alight and Muslims targeted at home in the past month.
But there will be no official tributes to Drummer Rigby - even at his home base in Woolwich, south-east London, as it hosts a community day.