Worcester, city, England
, city (1991 pop. 75,466) and district, Worcestershire, W central England, on the Severn River. The making of porcelain, gloves, and sauces are long-established industries; metal goods and machines are also manufactured. The site became a bishopric c.680. Worcester's cathedral is chiefly 14th cent., with a Norman crypt and tombs; in it are held, alternately with Hereford and Gloucester, the Festivals of the Three Choirs. Several old parish churches and timbered houses remain. The Commandery, restored in 1954, was a hospital in the 11th cent. In the English civil war, Worcester was the scene of Oliver Cromwell
's final victory with the complete rout of Charles II and the Scots in 1651. Two old public educational institutions are Royal Grammar School (13th cent.) and King's School (1541). Berrow's Worcester Journal,
one of Britain's oldest surviving newspapers, was founded (1709) in the city.
Worcester, town, South Africa
Worcester, town, now part and seat of the Breede Valley local municipality, Western Cape prov., SW South Africa. It produces wine and liquor and processes the fruits and vegetables of the surrounding farm region. There are also furniture and paint industries. The town was founded in 1820 and was named for the Marquess of Worcester, governor of Cape of Good Hope Colony. The Old Drostdy (1825), which is a national monument, several museums, and a botanic garden are in Worcester.
Worcester, city, United States
industrial city (1990 pop. 169,759), seat of Worcester co., central Mass., on the Blackstone River; inc. 1722. The canalization (1828) of the Blackstone River marked the beginning of Worcester's rapid industrial development. A port of entry, Worcester is no longer primarily a manufacturing center, but abrasives, communications products, beverages, and steel-mill equipment are among its products. Medical and educational institutions are now the most significant sectors of the city's economy; insurance firms are also important. Settled in 1673, Worcester suffered Native American attacks in 1675 and 1683. In Shays's Rebellion
the courthouse was besieged (1786) by insurgents. The first woman's suffrage national convention was held (1850) in Worcester. Edward Everett Hale
was pastor there from 1842 to 1856. Worcester is the seat of Clark Univ., the College of the Holy Cross, the Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester State Univ., and other educational institutions. It has a number of notable museums, two zoos, concert halls and a performing arts center, and an annual music festival (dating from 1858). Lake Quinsigamond and two state parks are in the vicinity.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.
a city in the south of the Republic of South Africa, in Cape Province. Population, 32,300 (1960), of which 11,000 are Europeans. It is a railroad junction. Wines, fruit and vegetable preserves, and textile products are produced here; there is also metalworking. Worcester has a botanical garden. The city was founded in 1820.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
1. a cathedral city in W central England, the administrative centre of Worcestershire on the River Severn: scene of the battle (1651) in which Charles II was defeated by Cromwell. Pop.: 94 029 (2001)
2. an industrial city in the US, in central Massachusetts: Clark University (1887). Pop.: 175 706 (2003 est.)
3. a town in S South Africa; centre of a fruit-growing region. Pop.: 66 349 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005