Word Order


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Word Order

 

a multifunctional formal means used in sentence construction. In Russian and other synthetic languages, word order mainly provides the contextual links in a sentence and is a means for the actual division of a sentence. To this basic function of word order may be added others, including stylistic, expressive, rhythmic, and melodic. Word order has no distinctive role beyond actual division and acts as an accompanying element of syntatic relations (neutral word order). In English and other analytic languages, word order shapes the grammatical structure of a sentence and is fixed; word placement is determined by the role of the words in the sentence. Isolating languages use word order as the principal means of expressing relations between words. Grammatical word order differs from grammaticalized word order, in which the syntactic function of a word is determined by its position in a sentence; for example, in the Russian sentence Veslo zadeloplat’e (“The oar got caught in the dress”), the subject is identified by its initial position. Word order not usually possessing a grammatical function is sometimes known as free word order.

I. N. KRUCHININA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nonetheless, since the basic word order patterns in German are not always so neatly sketched, the way German expresses quantification becomes complex.
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Word order, or syntax, would indicate this to be the case.
The adult learners who had had little to no exposure to languages with word orders different from those in English quite easily learned the artificial languages that had word orders commonly found in the world's languages but failed to learn Verblog.
182 million).6 Like Finnish, German, Japanese, Korean, Turkish and Urdu, Hindi has considerably freer word order than English (see Hoffman 1994).
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In this particular example (5), emplaster nigre is the direct translation of emplastrum nigrum and the original word order in the NP has been also preserved.