Food and Agriculture Organization

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Food and Agriculture Organization

(FAO), specialized agency of the United Nations, established in 1945. Its headquarters is in Rome, and it has a number of regional, subregional, and liaison offices around the world. The organization is governed by a conference composed of the entire membership (191 nations plus the European Union and the Faeroe Islands), which meets at least once biennially, and by a council of 49 members. Each region is allocated a fixed number of seats, 33 of which are from Third World areas. It reports to the Economic and Social Council annually. Managed by a director-general, it carries out about one third of the programs of other UN development agencies. The objective of the FAO is to lead international efforts to defeat hunger, contributing to an expanding world economy by promoting sustainable rural development with emphasis on the poorest farmers, promoting food production and self-reliance, and raising nutrition levels. The FAO has no mandatory powers but seeks to accomplish its purposes by making investigations, publishing reports, and organizing conferences; it offers technical aid, improves seeds, develops serums and vaccines, and aids in increasing forestry yields. The program operations are conducted by standing committees, such as those on agriculture, fisheries, and world food security. Programs are implemented at the request of the host country.
References in periodicals archive ?
of the U.N., Inaugural Address at the World Food Summit (Nov.
The report, entitled Hungry for Solutions, was released to mark the tenth anniversary of the World Food Summit, at which world leaders pledged to halve global starvation by 2015.
At the 1996 World Food Summit, reducing hunger and food insecurity was declared an essential part of the international development agenda and the international community has identified the reduction of poverty and hunger as one of the overarching goals for development policy in the new millennium.
The SPFS was begun in 1994 and endorsed at the 1996 World Food Summit, where delegates called for a halving of the number of malnourished people in the world by the year 2015, The program aims to improve nations' food security through rapid increases in food production and productivity, by reducing year-to-year variability in food production, and by improving people's access to food.
The document is a summary of world trends since the organization and the entire world met in 1996 at the World Food Summit in Rome.
"Food sovereignty" made a name for itself at the World Forum on Food Sovereignty, the citizen summit held as a counterpoint to the exclusively government-based World Food Summit, held in Rome during June 2002.
At the UN World Food Summit in Italy in November 1996, 168 nations adopted a Rome Declaration and Plan of Action.
"Illegal genetically engineered Starlink corn contaminates food aid; Global leaders at World Food Summit asked to prevent further contamination," Pesticide Action Network Service, June 13, 2002, www.panna.org.
At the World Food Summit in 1996, heads of state and government pledged to work toward food security for all and to halve the number of undernourished people by 2015.
ITEM: At the World Food Summit in Rome on June 10th, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan told delegates there was "no time to waste," stated a UN press release.
ITALY: The World Food Summit is opening in Rome tomorrow to address the fact that the number of people without enough to eat is the same as it was five years ago - 800 million.
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