World Intellectual Property Organization

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World Intellectual Property Organization

World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters at Geneva. WIPO became an agency in 1974, but its roots go back to 1883 when the need for international protection of intellectual property prompted the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property and to 1886 with the Bern Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. Both conventions created international bureaus, which merged (1893) to become the United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property (BIRPI). In 1960, BIRPI moved from Bern to Geneva and a decade later it became WIPO. Today's organization administers intellectual property matters recognized by United Nations member states, managing international treaties that deal with some aspect of intellectual property protection. WIPO also assists governments, organizations, and the private sector in monitoring developments in the field. It not only helps to protect such traditional works of the mind as patented inventions, books, music, works of art, films, industrial designs, and trademarks, but is increasingly involved in the protection of information technology and World Wide Web–related matters. WIPO has 184 member nations.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

World Intellectual Property Organization


(WIPO), an international organization established on the basis of a convention adopted at the diplomatic conference held in Stockholm in 1967 by member governments of the Paris Union for the Protection of Industrial Property, the Bern Union for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, and other specialized unions. The Paris and Bern unions are fully autonomous in regard to questions within their competence.

WIPO proclaimed as its purpose the encouragement of human creative activity and assistance in the protection of intellectual property throughout the world, as well as efforts to modernize and increase the effectiveness of the activities of the individual international organizations and unions in the areas of industrial property (Paris Union) and the protection of literary and artistic works (Bern Union). The activities of WIPO extend to all forms of intellectual property and include rights concerning literary, artistic, and scientific works, the protection of performing artists, inventions, scientific discoveries, and industrial designs.

The highest organ of WIPO is the General Assembly, composed of governments that are participants in the convention and members of one of the unions. In addition, conferences may be held of governments participating in the convention, regardless of whether they are members of one of the unions. The Coordinating Committee, consisting of the member governments of the executive committees of the Paris and Bern unions, was also created. The administrative organ of WIPO is the International Bureau in Geneva, Switzerland.

The USSR ratified the convention on the establishment of WIPO on Sept. 19, 1968; as of Jan. 1, 1971, the following countries had also ratified the convention: Bulgaria, the Byelorussian SSR, Canada, Chad, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic, Great Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Malawi, Rumania, Senegal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Ukrainian SSR, and the USA. Twenty-nine governments have subscribed to the convention for a five-year period as permitted under article 21(2).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The World Intellectual Property Organization, which is based in Geneva, Switzerland, will appoint a panel of three people to decide the case.
It also carries proposed legislative changes, analysis of recent infringement decisions, fair-use opinions, and text of the new World Intellectual Property Organization treaties.
The three databases in the series - PATOSDE, PATOSEP and PATOSWO - contain more than two million patents from the German Patent Office, the European Patent Office and the World Intellectual Property Organization, respectively.
'The three-day Regional Conference on Competency-Based Trademark Examiner Training will be held in Islamabad in cooperation with the World Intellectual Property Organization from December 5-7', said the Chairman.
The meeting reviewed the main achievements, the future of the Saudi Authority for Intellectual Property and the enhancement of cooperation with the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as it the global forum for services, policies and information in the field of intellectual property and the main reference for 191 countries worldwide.
The information stand on traditional knowledge of Kyrgyz people has been showcased in Geneva in the framework of the 58th series of meetings of the assemblies of the World Intellectual Property Organization member states, the State Intellectual Property and Innovations Service (Kyrgyzpatent) said.
Addressing the opening session of the General Assembly meeting of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) held here until October 2, Youssef said Egypt is looking forward to having the organization expand its activities in developing nations to cover all targets of the sustainable development agenda 2030.
Al-Suwailem expressed thanks to and appreciation of the Chinese President, organizers of the event and the World Intellectual Property Organization, wishing all parties taking part in the conference to enhance communication and cooperation for mutual benefit, and push towards more effective protection and use of intellectual property rights.
The Research Council (TRC), in collaboration with the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) last week celebrated the World Intellectual Property Day.
Muscat, Mar.7 (ONA) Francis Gurry, Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) today held a press conference at Inter-Continental Hotel Muscat during which he hailed the Sultanate government's steady efforts in the field of intellectual property protection and encouraging international cooperation in its related fields.
It is also a signatory to the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) of 1994; the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) of 1998, and the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 2014.

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