World Meteorological Organization

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World Meteorological Organization

(WMO), specialized agency of the United Nations; established in 1950 with headquarters at Geneva, it became affiliated with the United Nations a year later. It replaced the International Meteorological Organization, which was established in 1873. WMO aims at promoting international cooperation between the world's meteorological stations, standardizing meteorological observations, encouraging research and training, extending the use of meteorological findings to different fields, and helping to protect life and property from weather-, climate-, and water-related disasters. Satellites, used to collect meteorological data and in communications, have made possible the rapid exchange of observations for forecasting in the WMO-sponsored World Weather Watch. WMO operates through the World Meteorological Congress (which meets every four years with delegates from its entire membership), an executive committee, eight technical commissions, a secretariat, and six regional meteorological associations in Africa, Asia, South America, North and Central America, the SW Pacific, and Europe. It has 188 members.

World Meteorological Organization


(WMO), an association with the goal of assisting international cooperation in the development of meteorological observations and research and in the coordination of the activities of national meteorological and hydrometeorological services. It was founded by the United Nations in 1947.

Before the World Meteorological Organization was created, its functions were fulfilled by the International Meteorological Organization, founded in 1871. On June 1, 1970, 122 governments were members of WMO. The highest organ of WMO is the World Meteorological Congress, which convenes once every four years. The Executive Committee consists of 24 directors of national services and meets not less than once a year. Six regional associations coordinate the activities of services in large geographical regions (Africa, Asia, South America, North and Central America, Southwest Pacific Ocean, and Europe). Eight technical commissions were created to investigate special technical questions connected with problems of carrying out and standardizing meteorological observations, exchanging meteorological information forecasting weather, and meteorological research and applied meteorology. The permanent organ of WMO is the Secretariat, which is located in Geneva, Switzerland.


References in periodicals archive ?
The World Meteorological Organization plays a crucial role in contributing to people's safety and welfare.
He will review the sultanate s vision towards the priorities of the strategic plan of the world meteorological organization, the sultanate s experience in dealing with natural disasters, as well as, its future plans in this field.
At a meeting of the World Meteorological Organization in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in February, the participants in the Mexican study discussed their findings thus far.
hurricanes that have caused so much devastation and loss of life, these names have been retired and will never be used again,'' said Eirah Gorre-Dale of the World Meteorological Organization.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is pleased to invite you to submit a proposal in response to Request for Proposal RFP 1216-16 (IPCC) for the provision of storage and distribution services.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in Geneva announced last month that the mean surface temperature of the globe in 1998 reached 0.
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is pleased to invite you to submit an quotation in response to Request for Quotation (RFQ 1266-16 for For the supply and delivery of Meteorological Balloons for Radiosonde operations at Gan, Maldives; Narobi, Kenya and Yerevan, Armenia for GCOS Upper Air Network(GUAN)
The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) is pleased to invite you to submit an bid in response to Invitation to Bid 1263-16 (CLW) for the provision of a Database Management Software.
Jeddah, Jumada I 07, 1433, March 30, 2012, SPA -- The Standing Committee of Arab States to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) has recommended the need for the provision of support for the Regional Center for Drought Monitoring and Early Warning, an affiliate of the General Presidency of Meteorology and Environment Protection of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, to become a regional independent body administratively and financially to serve all the Arab countries.
But a 1994 report by the World Meteorological Organization warned that "little confidence should be put in these quantitative model results of subsonic aircraft effects on the atmosphere.
Jeddah, Jumada I 3, 1433, Mar 26, 2012, SPA -- Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Secretariat General and World Meteorological Organization (WMO) signed here today a cooperation agreement to conduct studies and programs on the sand storms in the Gulf region in the field of monitoring the region's environment, climate change and its effects as well as program of risk and disaster reduction.
for something that we are sure is contributing to ozone destruction," argues atmospheric physicist Rumen Bojkov, an adviser on global environmental issues to the secretary general of the World Meteorological Organization in Geneva.

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