World Cup

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World Cup:

see soccersoccer,
outdoor ball and goal game, also called association football or simply football. The first recorded game probably was that on a Shrove Tuesday in Derby, England, part of a festival to celebrate a victory over a contingent of Roman troops (A.D. 217).
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World Cup

June-July, every four years (2010, 2014, 2018,...)
The World Cup is the world series of soccer. Since 1930 (except during World War II), the international championship games have been played every four years, sandwiched between the Olympic Games. The series was started under the auspices of the FÉdÉration Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) and is now the best attended sporting event in the world. It's claimed that, including television viewers, more than 30 billion people watched it in 1998.
Soccer is also called football or association football; the word soccer comes from assoc., an abbreviation for "association." It originated in England in the public schools (which are actually more like American private schools), and spread to universities and then into local clubs, attracting more and more working-class players. British sailors took the game to Brazil in the 1870s, and businessmen carried it to Prague and Vienna in the 1880s and 1890s. Belgium and France began an annual series of games in 1903. In 1904, international competition was such that FIFA was formed, and by 1998, it claimed more than 200 member associations in 77 nations. In 1946, the trophy was named the Jules Rimet Cup for the president of FIFA from 1921 to 1954.
From its inception the World Cup has been played on a rotating basis between Europe and the Americas, but in 2002, Korea and Japan co-hosted the World Cup in Asia for the first time.
In 1991, the first women's World Cup Tournament was held and was won by the U.S. It was the first cup ever taken by the United States.
The first World Cup was played in Montevideo, Uruguay, and Uruguay won. Brazil has won the World Cup five times; Italy and Germany have each won three times. Brazil's wins came in 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994, and 2002; the first three happened under the leadership of Edson Arantes do Nascimento, better known as PelÉ and sometimes as the PÉrola Negra, or "Black Pearl." A Brazilian national hero and at the time one of the best-known athletes in the world, the 5'8" PelÉ combined kicking strength and accuracy with the knack of anticipating other players' moves. He announced his retirement in 1974 but in 1975 signed a three-year $7 million contract with the New York Cosmos; after leading them to the North American Soccer League championship in 1977, he retired for good.
CONTACTS:
International Federation of Association Football
Strasse 20
P.O. Box 8044
Zurich, 8023 Switzerland
41-43-222-7777; fax: 41-43-222-7878
www.fifa.com
SOURCES:
BkHolWrld-1986, Jul 30
HolSymbols-2009, p. 1058

World Cup

an international competition held between national teams in various sports, most notably association football